Lithium Chloride

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lithium chloride

[′lith·ē·əm ′klȯr‚īd]
(inorganic chemistry)
LiCl·2H2O A colorless, water-soluble compound, forming octahedral crystals and melting at 614°C; used to form concentrated brine in commercial air-conditioning systems and as a pyrotechnic in welding and brazing fluxes.

Lithium Chloride


LiCl, a salt; colorless crystals. Density, 2.07 g/cm3; melting point, 614°C; boiling point, 1382°C. It is extremely hygroscopic and deliquesces in air; its solubility in water is 78.5 g per 100 g at 20°C. It is soluble in many organic solvents.

Lithium chloride is prepared mainly by the dissolution of lithium carbonate, Li2CO3 or lithium hydroxide, LiOH, in hydrochloric acid. In industry, LiCl is used in the preparation of metallic lithium from a melt by electrolysis. Because of its ability to absorb ammonia, amines, water vapor, and other gaseous substances, lithium chloride is used (usually in the form of a 40 percent solution) in airconditioning, as well as in the manufacture of flux for smelting metals and for welding aluminum, magnesium, and light alloys.

References in periodicals archive ?
Comparison of larkspur alkaloid extract and lithium chloride in maintaining cattle aversion to larkspur in the field.
Viscosity and Density of Aqueous Solutions of Lithium Bromide, Lithium Chloride, Zinc Bromide, Calcium Chloride and Lithium Nitrate.
Dr Mehta's expertise is in brine processing through solar energy and the production of high purity (battery grade) lithium carbonate, lithium hydroxide and anhydrous lithium chloride.
It is common to classify desiccants as either solid or liquid depending on their normal physical state (although a material such as lithium chloride can be both, absorbing water vapor both as a solid, hydrated salt, or as an aqueous solution).
Lithium chloride particles become bonded to the polymer, which also prevents weeping during moisture absorption.
Calibration solutions were prepared by dissolving lithium chloride (Merck) into 140 mmol/L sodium chloride (Merck) in water, to create a concentration range of 0-2 mmol/L.
The Saga University plant, which was completed last summer, has already extracted about 30 grams of lithium chloride from 140,000 liters of seawater in about 30 days.
187) * HONORABLE MENTION Karen Crawford Lithium chloride inhibits development along the animal vegetal axis and anterior midline of the squid embryo (p.
It was discovered that the use of lithium formate, lithium chloride, and other highly soluble salts were effective in forming ice-ring-free aqueous glasses upon cooling from ambient temperature to 100 K.
CA using lithium chloride or estrogens to induce sickness has been investigated as a way to: reduce depredation by coyotes, resolve nuisance feeding by black bears (Ursus americanus; Ternent and Garshelis 1999), and curtail egg predation by raccoons (Procyon lotor), skunks (Mephitis mephitis), mongooses (Herpestes nyula), and ravens and crows (Corvus spp.
1% w/v sodium saccharin, followed immediately by intraperitoneal injection of either saline (N=6), lithium chloride (N=6), or 20 or 40 mg/kg of TRH (Ns=6).
First, polyaniline was synthesized from a solution of aniline and lithium chloride.