Lithium Hydride

(redirected from Lithium deuteride)

lithium hydride

[′lith·ē·əm ′hī‚drīd]
(inorganic chemistry)
LiH Flammable, brittle, white, translucent crystals; decomposes in water; insoluble in ether, benzene, and toluene; used as a hydrogen source and desiccant, and to prepare lithium amide and double hydrides.

Lithium Hydride


LiH; colorless crystals. Density, 0.776 g/cm3. It is the most stable of all the alkali and alkaline-earth metal hydrides. In a vacuum it melts at 680°-697°C, with virtually no decomposition; at higher temperatures it decomposes. It reacts vigorously with water: LiH + H2O = LiOH + H2. In industry it is prepared mainly by the hydrogenation of fused lithium with pure hydrogen at 680°-700°C. Lithium hydride is used for the direct and rapid production of hydrogen (1 kg LiH yields 2.8 m3 H2) and many metal hydrides and as a strong reducing agent in organic synthesis.

References in periodicals archive ?
He said: "Hydrogen bombs use lithium deuteride and it is not known if North Korea has the infrastructure to create such material.
So, on an afternoon somewhere in the Pacific, in the year before my birth, Teller and his minions supervised the wrapping of a regular, atomic bomb in a casing of lithium deuteride.
As early as 1986, Soviet scientists reported observing neutron emission when they violently crushed lithium deuteride in the presence of an ice made of heavy (deuterium-containing) water.