Lithosiidae

Lithosiidae

 

a subfamily of moths of the family Arctiidae.

The wings of lithosiids are about 55 mm when fully extended. They are usually gray, yellow, or black. The anterior wings are much narrower than the posterior ones. Most lithosiids are nocturnal. The caterpillars, which have hairy verrucae and, often, bright spots on the body, feed mainly on lichens growing on trees and rocks. The caterpillars pupate in cocoons. There are about 1,000 species of Lithosiidae, most abundantly represented in tropical forests. There are about 100 species in the USSR, mostly in the forest zone.

References in periodicals archive ?
A revision of certain genera of European and Asiatic Lithosiidae, with characters of new genera and species.
This genus was originally proposed in the Lithosiidae (now Arctiidae), but has since been transferred to the Geometridae; its first published use in this family appears to have been by Prout (1934).