Gromwell

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Related to Lithospermum: Lithospermum officinale

Gromwell

 

(Lithospermum), a genus of plants of the Boraginaceae family. The genus includes annual, biennial, and perennial herbs and semishrubs. There are approximately 60 species, found mostly in the northern hemisphere. In the USSR there are seven species, growing most frequently in forest steppe and steppe zones. Common gromwell (L. officinale), a perennial with whitish-yellowish flowers, is found in open places and among shrubs. Corn gromwell (L. arvense) is an annual that grows along dry slopes and as a weed in fields everywhere except in the arctic.

References in periodicals archive ?
Shikonins, phytocompounds from Lithospermum erythrorhizon , inhibit the transcriptional activation of human tumor necrosis factor alpha promoter in vivo .
As a result, many fen plants, such as Prenanthes racemosa, Symphyotrichum oolentangiense, Lithospermum canescens, and Comandra umbellata, occur only at one site and are often represented with a low number of individuals.
The effect of disturbance scale on sand dune colonization by Lithospermum caroliniense.
Clonal growth of Lithospermum caroliniense (Boraginaceae) in contrasting sand dune habitats.
petiolaris, Piptochaetium virescens, Lithospermum distichum, Cyperus aggregatus, Physalis volubilis, Plantago australis ssp.
Lithospermum cobrense Greene, 6215 ANSM, TEX; (NMC 52834; TEX 225864, 225853).
One family of plants that are particularly good at this time of year are the Borages and they includes Myosotis (Forget-me-not), Symphytum (Comfrey), Brunnera, Lithospermum, Omphalodes (Navelwort), Pulmonaria and Trachystemon.
hirta (round-headed clover), Liatris aspera (rough blazing star), Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon), L.
Of this group, several are considered true calciphiles: Aster ontarionis (Ontario aster), Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood), Crataegus calpodendron (pear hawthorn), Dasistoma macrophylla (mullein foxglove), Desmanthus illinoensis (prairie bundleflower), Lithospermum tuberosum (tuberous gromwell), Quercus shumardii (Shumard's oak), Ruellia strepens (limestone wild petunia), and Smallanthus uvedalia (hairy leafcup).
Spatial patterns and seed dispersal of Lithospermum caroliniense on Lake Huron sand dunes.
Asclepias tuberosa, Asclepias syriaca, Ambrosia coronopirolia, Lithospermum carolinense, Comandra richardsoniana, and Artemisia ludoviciana), and legumes (Lathyrus venosus, Amorpha canescens, and Lespedeza capitata).