Diomede Islands

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Related to Little Diomede Island: Big Diomede Island, St Lawrence Island

Diomede Islands

(dī`əmēd), pair of rocky islands in Bering Strait between Alaska and Siberia. The larger island, Big Diomede, is Russian, while the smaller is part of Alaska. At 2 mi (3 km) apart, the Diomedes represent the closest approach of U.S. and Russian land masses. The first European explorer to the islands was the Danish Vitus BeringBering, Vitus Jonassen
, 1681–1741, Danish explorer in Russian employ. In 1725 he was selected by Peter I to explore far NE Siberia. Having finally moved men and supplies across Siberia, Bering in 1728 sailed N through Bering Strait but sighted no land and did not
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 in 1728.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Diomede Islands

 

(Gvozdev Islands), two islands and rocks in the Bering Strait. The western island, Ratmanov Island (with an area of approximately 10 sq km), belongs to the USSR; the eastern island, Little Diomede (Krusenstern) Island, and Fairway Rock belong to the USA. In 1728 one of the islands was discovered by V. Bering’s expedition. In 1732 the Diomede Islands were put on the map by I. Fedorov and M. S. Gvozdev.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
If the mean [delta][.sup.18.O] value of water collected at Little Diomede Island in the center of the strait (Fig.
For guidance on probable locations and depths for an intake system, we used a separate geotechnical study of the shoreline and seafloor made in March-April 2002 that assessed the feasibility of constructing a more permanent water intake system at Little Diomede Island (Peratovich, Nottingham and Drage, Inc., 2002).
In summer, surface waters flowing northward past Little Diomede Island during or shortly after southerly wind events (Fig.
The fieldwork at Little Diomede Island over the past several years suggests that an environmental observation system there that includes a seawater inlet system would contribute significantly to understanding of the Bering Strait inflow into the Arctic Ocean.
We observed agreement between the mean oxygen isotope composition of seawater transported past Little Diomede Island in the summer ([delta][.sup.18.O] = -1.11[per thousand] [+ or -] 0.56 SD, n = 33) and that of upper halocline waters with a Bering Strait origin in the Arctic Ocean ([delta][.sup.18.O] = -1.1[per thousand]).
(2002) report indicates that directional drilling is the preferred construction method for an underground, underwater intake system at Little Diomede Island with an estimated pipeline life of 25 to 50 years.
Key words: Little Diomede Island, Bering Strait, York terrace, cosmogenic isotope dating, beryllium-10
Little Diomede Island (65[degrees]45'N, 168[degrees]56'W) is located 43 km west of Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska, and 4 km east of Big Diomede Island, Russia (Fig.
Little Diomede Island is 3 [km.sup.2] and rises steeply on all sides from sea level to an undulating plain at 350-363 m (Fig.
Temperatures on Little Diomede Island average 5 to 10[degrees]C in summer and -23 to -14[degrees]C in winter.
The Bering Strait Fault Zone, 38 km south of Little Diomede Island, trends west-east from the Be ring Strait to Grantley Harbor (Fig.
Lawrence Island (Bedard, 1966) and at King Island and Little Diomede Island (Sowls et al., 1978).