Little Tennessee

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Little Tennessee,

river, c.135 mi (220 km) long, rising in the Blue Ridge, NE Ga., and flowing generally NW across SW N.C. and through E Tenn. to the Tennessee River opposite Lenoir City. On the river in North Carolina near the Tennessee line is Fontana Dam (480 ft/146 m high; 2,365 ft/721 m long; completed 1945), impounding Fontana Lake. It is part of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and is the highest dam E of the Rocky Mts. The dam provides flood control, river regulation, and hydroelectricity. Cheoah Dam in North Carolina, and Calderwood and Chilhowee dams in Tennessee are also part of the TVA.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The snail darter, Percina tanasi (Etnier), was discovered in 1973 in the Little Tennessee River, Tennessee, and at that time no other populations were known (Etnier, 1976), The species was subsequently listed as endangered in 1975.
Clean gravel shoals were thought to define its distribution in the Little Tennessee River (starnes, 1977), Imostoma darters typically live for three years and occasionally into a fourth year (Etnier and Starnes, 1993).
tanasi in the Little Tennessee River was lost upon completion of the Tellico Dam and its subsequent inundation of the river (Biggins and Eager, 1983).
In the revision, harvesting is estimated to account for only 0.5 percent - not 27.6 percent - of predicted soil loss in the 197,000-acre portion of the Little Tennessee River drainage (Table 3).
If Hagerman's revised value of 10 tons per acre per year is used with the appropriate multiplicand (i.e., .005 instead of 0.05), the correct value of the soil loss attributable to timber harvesting in the Little Tennessee River drainage of North Carolina is only $19,150 per year, not $255,000 (Table 4).
This is a serious error because the relatively modest monetary loss due to erosion does not support their most important conclusion, namely, "At some point, the costs associated with sediment outweigh the economic benefit from logging on National Forest lands (in the watershed of the Little Tennessee River, North Carolina)."
At the lowermost sites (6 and 7; Little Tennessee River at Prentiss and Iotla, respectively), the stream channel becomes much wider (25 and 60 m, respectively) and the canopy cover becomes a minor feature of stream area.
- Sample sizes and allele frequencies at each collecting station and locus for each putative Pteronarcys species collected from the Little Tennessee River drainage basin Station 4 5a 5b 6 7 P.
By 1973, TVA had built more than sixty dams, turning 2500 linear river miles in the relatively flat gently-rolling region into sluggish, silted, serpentine impoundments, leaving only thirty-three undammed river miles of the Little Tennessee River as the last clean flowing stretch of big river in the region and its 30,000 snail darters as the last major and then the only known population of the species.(41) The river was a superbly rich ecosystem, highly oxygenated, with high alkalinity and richly diverse speciation.
The darters' Little Tennessee River habitat in that last undammed 33 miles was threatened by TVA's final dam project which was a pork-barrel classic.
The Appalachian elktoe has been eliminated from much of its range and survives only in scattered pockets of suitable habitat in portions of the Little Tennessee River system, Pigeon River system, and Little River in North Carolina, and the Nolichucky River system in North Carolina and Tennessee.
Since the project's inception, over 600 adult and juvenile spotfin chubs from the Little Tennessee River, North Carolina, and approximately 2,000 artificially propagated juveniles have been reintroduced into Abrams Creek.

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