Litvinov, Stepan VasilEvich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Litvinov, Stepan Vasil’Evich


Born 1785, in Barnaul; died there in 1848. Russian inventor of steam engines.

Litvinov began working at the age of 12 in the office of the Kolyvan’-Voskresenskii plants; he later worked in the Nerchinsk plants. He invented a rotary blower with continuous air feed to the furnace and the “dual-blast bellows,” which was the prototype of a double-action piston compressor (1817). In 1817–27 he built steam power installations, for which he proposed a number of novel, advanced ideas, such as a uniflow boiler unit, a steam superheater, and two-stage steam generation.


Savel’ev, N. Ia. Vydaiushchiisia paroteknik-barnaulets—Stepan Vasil’-evich Litvinov i ego parovye mashiny. Barnaul, 1950.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.