Liu Chih-chi

Liu Chih-chi

(lyo͞o jûr-jē), 661–721, Chinese T'ang dynasty historian. Drawing on experience gained while working on histories of the preceding dynasties, he wrote the first important Chinese work on historiography, the Understanding of History (Shih-t'ung). In a series of essays Liu discusses the origin, development, and relative merits of various forms of historical writing.
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Another article continuing in this vein is the important study on "Chinese Historical Criticism: Liu Chih-chi and Ssu-ma Kuang" (from the now classic symposium volume.
What appears equally urgent is a systematic treatment of the philosophy of history and the theoretical constructs of the T'ang history officials' such as the two generations of the Liu Chih-chi family and the five talented Sung sisters who were in charge of the writing of inner palace diaries for forty-four years.