Liu Hsiu

Liu Hsiu

(lyo͞o shyo͞o), A.D. 6–A.D. 57, restorer of the HanHan
, dynasty of China that ruled from 202 B.C. to A.D. 220. Liu Pang, the first Han emperor, had been a farmer, minor village official, and guerrilla fighter under the Ch'in dynasty.
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 dynasty. As first emperor (A.D. 25–A.D. 57) of the Later, or Eastern, Han (A.D. 25–A.D. 200), he curbed the power of the imperial princes and recreated the centralized state administration of the Former, or Western, Han (206 B.C.–A.D. 8). Although only a distant relative of the last emperor of the Earlier Han, Liu Hsiu emerged victorious from the free-for-all that followed the downfall of the usurper Wang MangWang Mang
, 45 B.C.–A.D. 23, Chinese Han dynasty regent who usurped the throne and ruled (A.D. 8–23) as emperor of the Hsin [new] court, carrying out many reforms.
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. Liu Hsiu moved the capital eastward from Xi'an, which had been destroyed by rebels, to Luoyang. The new capital was nearer his large landholdings in E Henan prov. and was more easily supplied with grain than the old capital. Liu Hsiu is also known by his posthumous temple name, Kuang-wu-ti.
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