Liu Xiaobo

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Liu Xiaobo 劉曉波
BirthplaceChangchun, Jilin, China
Writer, political commentator, human rights activist

Liu Xiaobo

(lyo͞o shoubō), 1955–2017, Chinese literary critic, poet, and political and human-rights activist, b. Changchun, grad. Jilin Univ. (B.A., 1982), Beijing Normal Univ. (M.A., 1984; Ph.D., 1988). He taught literature at Beijing Normal, published widely, and in the 1980s became known for his fiery lectures and scathing literary criticism. Beginning in 1988 Liu was a visiting scholar at such universities as Hawaii, Oslo, and Columbia, where he was teaching when the Tiananmen SquareTiananmen Square,
large public square in Beijing, China, on the southern edge of the Inner or Tatar City. The square, named for its Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tiananmen), contains the monument to the heroes of the revolution, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum of
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 protests began in 1989. Returning to China, he assumed a leadership role in the protests, advocated nonviolence and democracy, attempted to negotiate, protected protesters from Chinese soldiers, undertook a hunger strike, and was imprisoned for 21 months. Subsequently he was barred from publishing in China (though he sometimes did so pseudonymously and also published abroad), and after his release from prison he was blacklisted from Chinese academia. In 1995–96 and 1996–99 Liu was again imprisoned for his political activities. In 2008 he coauthored Charter 08, which called for political and human-rights reforms, multiparty democracy, the rule of law, and the end of censorship. He was arrested, charged with inciting subversion, and after a closed one-day trial (2009) sentenced to 11 years in prison. In 2010 Liu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize; he was the first Chinese citizen to receive it. Shortly before he died he was released from prison under guard for treatment for advanced cancer. Despite China's many bans on his work, Liu published more than a dozen books and hundreds of articles and poems. The first of his works to appear in English translation, No Enemies, No Hatred (2012), is a collection of his essays and poems that spans two decades and provides insights into many aspects of contemporary Chinese life. His wife, Liu Xia (lyo͞o shyä), 1961–, a Chinese poet and artist, often acted as his spokesperson when he was in custody and was subjected to heavy state surveillance. Under house arrest from 2010, she was allowed to leave China in 2018.


See biography by Yu Jie (tr. 2015); studies by P. Link (2011) and J.-P. Béja and Fu Hualing (2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
Liu Xia, the widow of Nobel Peace Prize laureate and Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo might visit Taiwan next year for a photo exhibition, reports said Tuesday.
Beijing [China], July 10 ( ANI ): After about eight years of house arrest, Liu Xia, widow of Chinese Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo, has left China.
Under house arrest for eight years, the widow of Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Liu Xiaobo was unexpectedly allowed to leave China Tuesday.
CHINA has rejected an appeal from dozens of writers and artists for the release from house arrest of the widow of Nobel Peace Prize winner Liu Xiaobo.
I was struck by one of the poems Liu Xia released a few days before her husband, Liu Xiaobo, died of cancer as a political prisoner in China.
On July 13, the Chinese human-rights activist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo died a prisoner of the regime he had been jailed and tortured for criticizing.
On Thursday July 13, the announcement came: Liu Xiaobo, who won the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize, had died at 61 of liver cancer in a hospital in the northeast city of Shenyang, China.
Liu Xiaobo, a leading critic of Communist Party rule in China, died in state custody in a Chinese hospital on Thursday after battling liver cancer.
Sweden, July 15 -- Liu Xiaobo 61, Nobel laureate and political prisoner, dies of liver cancer, after spending almost a quarter of his life behind bars in Chinese custody.
Xu's lawyer, Zhang Qingfang, told Reuters he had brought Xu up to speed with "events on the outside," including the death of fellow activist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Liu Xiaobo.
CHINESE dissident Liu Xiaobo died yesterday, after being denied permission to leave the country for liver cancer treatment.