(54) Durch Kritik und Selbstkritik mussten sich Dinu Negreanu und der Buhnenbildner Liviu Ciulei
von ihrer ursprunglichen kunstlerischen Auffassung distanzieren.
BACK THEN...Arena Stage, the New York Shakespeare Festival, American Repertory Theatre, Yale Repertory Theatre, the Guthrie Theater and La Mama ETC brought Romanian directors Liviu Ciulei
, Andrei Serban and Lucian Pintilie; Russia's Yuri Lyubimov; Bulgaria's Mladen Kiselov; Poland's Jerzy Grotowski and Tadeusz Kantor; and Denmark's Eugenio Barba to American audiences and theatre communities.
Romantic strains have been smashed, in-your-face eros pointed up or gender and power conflicts spotlit in the nightmarish concoctions of John Hancock of San Francisco Actor's Workshop; Alvin Epstein of Connecticut's Yale Repertory Theatre; Liviu Ciulei
of Minneapolis's Guthrie Theater; and Ariane Mnouchkine.
From 1980 to 1983, Wright served as associate artistic director to Liviu Ciulei
at the Guthrie and went on to Washington, D.C.'s Arena Stage as artistic associate from 1985 to 1986, before being tapped to run the Guthrie.
Max Frisch's "Andorra," directed by Liviu Ciulei
, starts performances April 2, opening April 7.
* Liviu Ciulei
was an architect, a stage designer, an actor and a director.
Looking back to the play's last major New York incarnation, directed by Liviu Ciulei
for the Circle in the Square in 1978, Stanley Kauffmann wrote, "Gogol's comedy, loved by so many readers, is weak on stage today.
He went on press junkets, attending premieres and screenings and calling things whatever way he saw them--all this while teaching his class and offering service as a dramaturg to Liviu Ciulei
at the Guthrie, his spiritual home.
The role of the avant-garde director has deep roots in pre-1989 behavior; winning awards at international festivals for their experimental work was a recognized path out of Communist oppression and into western employment for Liviu Ciulei
and several others.
This book examines in detail some examples of American directorial 'rewrightings', from the 1960s onwards, of 'classic' plays: of the Greek and Roman theatre (by Andrei Serban, Richard Schechner, and Lee Breuer); of Shakespeare (Joseph Papp, Robert Woodruff, JoAnne Akalaitis, and Breuer); of Moliere (Serban, Garland Wright, Richard Foreman, Liviu Ciulei
, and Lucian Pintilie); of a Mozart trilogy, by Peter Sellars.
The stark, off-center columned facade, designed by Liviu Ciulei
, evoked the demons lurking behind the surface propriety of the Mannon mansion, and Ciulei's plain, well-appointed interiors suggested a nineteenth-century bourgeois household.
Unlike the high post-modernism of Liviu Ciulei
in the early 1980s or the eclectic aestheticism and focus on company development of his immediate predecessor, Garland Wright, Dowling's approach seems decidedly unchallenging--aimed at subscribers, donors, and politicians who, even in a period of fiscal austerity, are financing the new theatre complex on the Mississippi riverfront.