Livland


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Livland

 

the German name for Livonia. From the second half of the 16th century, after the collapse of the Livonian confederation, Livland encompassed the southern part of present-day Estonia and northern Latvia as far as the Daugava River. The country was a dependency of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

After the Truce of Altmark in 1629, southern Estonia and the contiguous part of Latvia as far south as the Daugava River and its tributary, the Aiviekste River, became a province under Swedish rule (Lettish, Vidzeme; Estonian, Liivimaa). By the Treaty of Nystadt in 1721, Livland was incorporated into Russia as the Province of Livonia. After the Great October Socialist Revolution, the southern part of the province became part of Latvia, and the northern part was incorporated into Estonia. The population of the region consists of Letts and Estonians.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Der erste Bestandteil Juv- des Seenamens Juveris (befindet sich in der Gegend um Vecpiebalga in Livland) lasst sich mit dem estnischen Dialektwort juva Korn' oder dem livischen Wort juva 'gut' + -eris (< osfi.
Manaseins Senatorenrevision in Livland und Kurland wahrend der Zeit von 1882 bis 1883," Jahrbucher fur Geschichte Osteuropas 17, 1 (1969): 45-58.
Bengt Gottfried Forselius had a somewhat different background from the clerical linguistic scholars operating in Estland and Livland in the 17th century (Poldvee 2010a).
20 William Urban, "Characteristics of Medieval Warfare in the Baltic," Geschichte des Deutschen Ordens in Livland (in press).
zu den lettgallischen Dialekten Livlands, jedoch die Dialektsprecher distanzieren sich von einer solchen Zuordnung und grenzen sich scharf von den Lettgallen ab: cangali jau ir atras dabas, atri suok kautis, cangalus navar kaitinat 'die Lettgallen haben nun [einmal] einen aufbrausenden Charakter, sind streitsuchtig, man darf sie nicht verargern' (sub cangalis).
Bericht uber eine im Auftrage der russischen geographischen Gesellschaft wahrend der Sommermonate des Jahres 1846 nach den Gouvernements Livland und Kurland unternommene Reise zur genauen Untersuchung der Reste der Liwen und Krewingen.--Rmt: Denkschriften der russischen geographischen Gesellschaft zu St.
Schmidt, C (1991) "Uber die Grenze zwischen Estland und Livland und ihre Bedeutung fur die Agrarund Religionsgeschichte".
Wann und woher ist der deutsche Kaufmann nach Livland gekommen: Eine numismatische Studie.--In: Delectat et docet: Festschrift zum 100 jAaAaAeAnhrigen Bestehendes Vereins der MAaAaAeA nzenfreunde in Hamb Ed.
Of the 4,000 copies printed, 800 were distributed free of charge, mostly among Orthodox schools in Livland. The revenues were used for the complementary edition Latyshsko-russko-nemetskii slovar' (Moscow: Ministerstvo narodnogo prosveshcheniia, 1879).
In conformity with the University of Tartu Statutes from 1803 two Chairs of history--the Chair of General History, Statistics and Geography and the Chair of the History of Russia, especially of Estland, Livland, Kurland and Finland--were established.
Heinrich's des Letten AaAaAeAnltes Chronik von Livland. VAaAaAeAnljaandja A.