Livonian Chronicles

Livonian Chronicles

 

important sources for the history of the east Baltic lands from the end of the 12th century to the beginning of the 18th.

The main chronicles include the Livonian Chronicle of Heinrich von Lettland (first half of the 13th century), the Rhymed Chronicle (late 13th century), the New Rhymed Chronicle of B. Hoeneke (mid-14th century), the Chronicle of Livonia of Hermann von Wartberge (second half of the 14th century), the Chronicle of the Livonian Province of B. Russow (second half of the 16th century), the History of Livland of J. Renner (second half of the 16th century), and the chronicles of F. Nyenstädt (early 17th century) and C. Kelch (late 17th century and the early 18th). The Livonian chronicles contain a wealth of factual material, despite their sympathetic attitude toward the German Knights’ conquest of the Latvian and Estonian lands and toward the Livonian Order and the German nobility. Only Russow’s chronicle, written from a burgher’s point of view, criticizes the nobility and serfdom.

REFERENCE

Zutis, J. Ocherki po istoriografii Latvii, part 1. Riga, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
Suhm corrected the mistake of his predecessors as for the site of the battlefield in 1219, himself determining the site in nowadays Tallinn, calling it Lyndanise as in the Livonian Chronicles by Henry.
By rephrasing an episode slightly that took place somewhere in Harjumaa in 1220, and derives from Henry's Livonian Chronicles, Suhm's aversion towards killings in the name of Christianity stands out: Many from Harjumaa had hidden themselves together with their wives in subterranean caves, where the Christians suffocated them with smoke, and killed about 1000 of both sexes.
His argumentation is of the same sort as he would know in the Livonian Chronicle of Henry, a source that he generally relied on.