Livonian Chronicles

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Livonian Chronicles


important sources for the history of the east Baltic lands from the end of the 12th century to the beginning of the 18th.

The main chronicles include the Livonian Chronicle of Heinrich von Lettland (first half of the 13th century), the Rhymed Chronicle (late 13th century), the New Rhymed Chronicle of B. Hoeneke (mid-14th century), the Chronicle of Livonia of Hermann von Wartberge (second half of the 14th century), the Chronicle of the Livonian Province of B. Russow (second half of the 16th century), the History of Livland of J. Renner (second half of the 16th century), and the chronicles of F. Nyenstädt (early 17th century) and C. Kelch (late 17th century and the early 18th). The Livonian chronicles contain a wealth of factual material, despite their sympathetic attitude toward the German Knights’ conquest of the Latvian and Estonian lands and toward the Livonian Order and the German nobility. Only Russow’s chronicle, written from a burgher’s point of view, criticizes the nobility and serfdom.


Zutis, J. Ocherki po istoriografii Latvii, part 1. Riga, 1949.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Suhm corrected the mistake of his predecessors as for the site of the battlefield in 1219, himself determining the site in nowadays Tallinn, calling it Lyndanise as in the Livonian Chronicles by Henry.
By rephrasing an episode slightly that took place somewhere in Harjumaa in 1220, and derives from Henry's Livonian Chronicles, Suhm's aversion towards killings in the name of Christianity stands out: Many from Harjumaa had hidden themselves together with their wives in subterranean caves, where the Christians suffocated them with smoke, and killed about 1000 of both sexes.
Not thrilled by the detailed descriptions of warfare in the Livonian Chronicle by Henry, he for example dryly sums up the cruelties of war: The exploits of both [Latvians and Russians] consisted ofplundering, burning down and murdering.