Llywelyn ap Iorwerth


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Llywelyn ap Iorwerth

Llywelyn or Llewelyn ap Iorwerth (hləwĕlˈĭn äp) (yôrˈwĕrth) (, lo͞oĕlˈĭn) (Llywelyn the Great), 1173–1240, Welsh prince; grandson of Owain Gwynedd. He first proved his capacity by wresting (1194) N Wales from his uncle David I and by taking (1199) the border fortress of Mold from the English. He was at first on good terms with King John of England (whose illegitimate daughter Joan he married in 1206), but after 1210 he was attacked by the English king. He became a powerful ally of the English barons in their revolt against John, and his rights and those of the Welsh were recognized in the Magna Carta (1215). Thereafter he set about establishing his power and destroying Norman castles in S Wales. Though he did homage (1218) to John's successor, Henry III, Llywelyn continued fighting against the English until 1234. Llywelyn's munificent patronage of the bards brought a renaissance of Welsh letters. He was an able soldier, a generous supporter of the church, and, above all, a zealous fighter for national unity. He was succeeded by his son David II.
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References in periodicals archive ?
By 1200AD, 12,000 acres of land in Nantgwynant had been granted to the Cistercian Abbey at Aberconwy by Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (Llywelyn Fawr).
Sefydlwyd ffrierdy yn Llanfaes gan Llywelyn Fawr ac yn y fynwent gorweddai Siwan, merch y Brenin John a gwraig Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (Llywelyn Fawr) wrth gwrs.
MAE yna dueddiad yndoes, a dwi'n siwr fy mod i yn euog o hyn, o son o hyd am Dywysogion Gwynedd fel Tywysogion Cymru a chanolbwyntio ar yr amlwg Llywelyn ap Iorwerth a Llywelyn ap Gruffydd.
Er mai yn y castell hwn, yn ol y son, y ganed Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (1173-1240), go brin fod ei dwr sgwar, cadarn wedi'i adeiladu hyd 1220.
This is the grisly coat of arms of Ednyfed Fychan - chief counsellor to the Gwynedd prince, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (Llywelyn the Great) - and one of his bravest soldiers.
Ym marn llawer, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth neu Llywelyn Fawr, oedd tywysog mwyaf Cymru'r Oesoedd Canol.
Beth wnaeth Llywelyn ap Iorwerth i haeddu'r teitl o Llywelyn Fawr?
These include the ruined keep of Dinas Bran, the remains of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's Castell-y-Bere on Cadair Idris, and the slate and rubble round tower of Dolbadarn in Snowdonia.
Roedd Angharad, gwraig Gruffudd ap Cynan, yn ddiplomydd o fri hefyd ac roedd Gruffudd yn dibynnu'n fawr ami." Mae'r gyfres saith-rhan yn dilyn hanes Hywel Dda (ap Cadell) fu farw yn 950' Gruffudd ap Cynan, (1055-1137), Owain Gwynedd (ap Gruffudd) (1100-1170), yr Arglwydd Rhys (Rhys ap Gruffudd) (1132-97), Llywelyn Fawr (Llywelyn ap Iorwerth), (1173-1240), Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (y 'Llyw Olaf ),(1225-1282) ac Owain Glyndwr (1354-1416).
They will be recorded alongside major conflicts such as the Battle of Aberconwy, fought in 1194 between the forces of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth and Dafydd ab Owain Gwynedd for control of Gwynedd, to The Battle of Pwll Melyn, also known as the Battle of Usk, which was part of the Welsh revolt against English rule that lasted from 1400 to 1415.