Lobito


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Lobito

(lōbē`tō, lo͝ovē`tō), city (1983 est. pop. 150,000), W central Angola, on the Atlantic Ocean. Angola's most important port after LuandaLuanda
, city (1995 est. pop. 3,000,000), capital of Angola, a port on the Atlantic Ocean. It is Angola's largest city, its chief port, and its administrative center. Manufactures include processed foods, beverages, textiles, cement and other construction materials, plastic
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, it is also a road hub and the western terminus of the trans-African Benguela railroad, which connects the port with the mines in the Congo and Zambia. The city is built mainly on reclaimed land. The harbor, protected by a sandbar, is among the best on Africa's west coast, but the Angolan civil war, which closed the railroad, caused the port to fall largely into disuse. Lobito was founded by the Portuguese in 1843. The completion of the railroad from Benguela in 1929 made Lobito an important commercial center and Angola's chief port, but it declined in the 1970s due to damage of port and rail facilities during the war of independence from Portugal.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lobito

 

a city in Angola on the Atlantic coast. Population, approximately 97,800 (1969). Lobito is a major seaport (turnover in 1967, 1.5 million tons). It is the final point on the trans-African highway from Beira (on the Indian Ocean). It has plants producing cement and asbestos-cement. Lobito exports manganic, copper, and zinc ores from the Republic of Zaire. Fishing also has economic importance.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Lobito

the chief port in Angola, in the west on Lobito Bay: terminus of the railway through Benguela to Mozambique. Pop.: 70 000 (latest est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Mas de la mitad de las especies (13 de 23 especies) registradas en la RSM se encuentran bajo alguna categoria de conservacion a nivel nacional: el aguara guazu (Chrysocyon brachyurus), el lobito de rio y el ciervo de los pantanos, en peligro; el gato del pantanal (como Oncifelis colocolo), el tatu rabo mole, el aguara pope (Procyon cancrivorus) y el coendu, vulnerables; y el tamandua (Tamandua tetradactyla), el yaguarundi (Puma yagouaroundi, como Herpailurus yaguarondi), el zorro de monte, el huron menor (Galictis cuja), el zorrino (Conepatus chinga) y el carpincho, potencialmente vulnerables (Ojeda et al., 2012).
The refinery is to be built some 10 km north of the city of Lobito and the project management consultant (PMC) is Kellogg, Brown & Root (KBR) of the US.
Developments including Golf City at Dubai World Central, the Pearl man-made island in Qatar and the Lobito Benguela water supply project in Angola are all projects implemented by the firm.
The scope of work covers the engineering, procurement and fabrication of 120 kilometers of umbilicals, the majority of which will be manufactured at the Angoflex facility in Lobito, Angola.
The operation took place some six miles off the Walvis Bay coast when 53 riser pipers weighing approximately 22 tons each measuring 24 meters long and 1.3 meters wide and high were transferred the cargo from the drill ship ENSCO DS-7 to the newly built UAL Houston and transported to Lobito, Angola for refurbishment.
The 9000kW system will be used to heat the 43 km long subsea production pipeline between the Lianzi field and the Benguela Belize Lobito Tomboco (BBLT) platform.
As a counter point, Namibia's participation as a partner in an oil refinery in Lobito and in an unspecified refinery in Soyo, was also discussed in some detail although, according to the minutes, the Angolan minister told his Namibian colleague any such consideration will have to wait until they [the Angolans] have finalised the deal with the existing partners.