Lockerbie


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Lockerbie

(lŏk`ərbē), village (1991 pop. 3,892), Dumfries and Galloway, S Scotland, site of a 1988 airplane crash. On Dec. 21, 1988, a New York–bound Pan Am Boeing 747 exploded in flight as a result of a terrorist bomb and crashed in and around Lockerbie. The crash killed all 259 people aboard and 11 on the ground. In Nov., 1991, the U.S. Dept. of Justice indicted two Libyan intelligence agents for the bombing; Libya was also implicated in the similar 1989 bombing of a French UTA DC-10 over Niger in which 170 people died. After the imposition (1992) of economic sanctions by the United Nations and long negotiations, Libya turned the suspects over in 1999, and they were sent to the Netherlands for trial (under Scottish law). After a nine-month trial, one of the two defendants was found guilty (2001) and sentenced to life imprisonment; the other was acquitted. In 2003, after Libya acknowledged involvement in the Lockerbie bombing and agreed to settlements with the families of the victims of the two bombings, the UN Security Council lifted its sanctions. A Scottish judicial review board, however, ruled in 2007 that the convicted defendant, Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi, had legitimate grounds for a new appeal based on new evidence and questionable testimony at the trial. Megrahi, terminally ill with cancer, began a new appeal in 2009 but subsequently withdrew it and was released on compassionate grounds; he died in 2012.

Bibliography

See A. Gerson and J. Adler, The Price of Terror (2001).

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Lockerbie

a town in SW Scotland, in Dumfries and Galloway: scene (1988) of the UK's worst air disaster when a jumbo jet was brought down by a terrorist bomb, killing 270 people, including eleven residents of the town
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
More than 150 people attended a wreath-laying ceremony yesterday at Lockerbie's Dryfesdale Cemetery.
The leaders met in Libya amid hopes it would open the Lockerbie discussion - but members of the group fear the issue is being ignored.
Britain and the US have been involved in talks with Libyan officials since the Lockerbie trial ended last year to agree a compensation deal for the victims' relatives in return for international sanctions being lifted.
Triples: Lockerbie 5 Marchmount 15; Thornhill 9 Eastriggs 16; Kirkcudbright Beechgrove 20; Spalding 14 Kirkconnel 13; Castle Douglas 5 Annan 17; Dumfries 8 Gretna 21; Creetown 19 Maxwelltown 14; New Abbey 20 Sanquhar 5.
The reserve was the brainchild of Jim Rae, former principal teacher of biology at Lockerbie Academy, who saw the potential of an old curling pond hidden away in the forest.
"Returning our railways to public ownership would see profits re-invested in services and rail infrastructure which would improve services from Lockerbie, not taken out of our services for private profits.
The walkers scaled Burnswark, a hill to the south of Lockerbie.
Eleven people died in Lockerbie along with the 259 passengers and crew on board the New York-bound Pan Am Flight 103 when it came down on the night of December 21, 1988.
Eleven died in Lockerbie with the 259 on board the New Yorkbound Pan Am Flight 103 on December 21, 1988.
"However, throughout, the people in Lockerbie have retained their dignity and stoicism, and offered friendship to those who lost loved ones." The majority of those on board the jet were American citizens, including 35 students of Syracuse University in New York State.
Pan Am flight 103 was on its way from London to New York when it exploded above Lockerbie on the evening of December 21 1988, killing 259 people on board and 11 people on the ground.