Locking of Rivers

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Locking of Rivers


increasing the depth of rivers in individual sections by building a series of hydroengineering complexes that raise the water level above the natural level. Locks are built to facilitate navigation and the integrated use of water resources; in such cases the hydroengineering complexes built include structures to allow the passage of ships (seeSHIP LIFTS AND INCLINED PLANES). Locks intended solely for navigation are part of low-head hydroengineering complexes with sectional dams whose head levels do not allow the river to leave its channel; they are used where the floodplain is built-up or is valuable for agriculture, for example, on the Moscow, Oka, and Don rivers.

When the water resources of rivers are subject to integrated use, such as the combined use for purposes of power generation and navigation with regulation of river flow by reservoirs, locks are built as the transportation part of the complex and must provide a specified navigation depth on the approaches to the hydroengineering complexes located upstream.


Mikhailov, A. V. Vnutrennie vodnye puti. Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?