Locustella


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Related to Locustella: Common Grasshopper Warbler

Locustella

 

(grasshopper warblers), a genus of birds of the family Sylviidae of the order Passeriformes. The body length is 12–16 cm. The plumage is brownish or olive, sometimes with bright markings on the abdomen and back. There are seven species: L. naevia, L. lanceolata, L. flaviatilis, L. certhiola, L.fas-ciolata, L. ochotensis, and L. luscinioides.

Grasshopper warblers are distributed in Europe, Asia (except the south), and northwest Africa. All species are found in the USSR. The birds winter in Africa and South Asia. They inhabit tall grasses, especially in damp places, and shrubbery along forest edges. The nests are built on the ground or very low in bushes. There are four to six white or pink speckled eggs in a clutch. The birds feed on insects and spiders. The song of some grasshopper warblers resembles the shrill creaking noise of crickets and grasshoppers.

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The ten species that contributed most to the drastic declines of the multispecies indices in 1994-1996 and 2007-2010 ranked by the strength of the impact 1994-1996 2007-2010 2007-2010 Farmland Farmland Woodland Sylvia nisoria Tringa totanus Parus palustris Numenius arquata Motacilla flava Loxia curvirostra Anthus pratensis Oenanthe oenanthe Sitta europaea Jynx torquilla Crex crex Dryocopus martius Passer montanus Passer montanus Parus cristatus Oenanthe oenanthe Motacilla alba Dendrocopos major Corvus monedula Columba palumbus Oriolus oriolus Vanellus vanellus Delichon urbicum Dendrocopos minor Carduelis chloris Locustella naevia Nucifraga caryocatactes Crex crex Acrocephalus Parus montanus schoenobaenus
Ortygospiza (= Paludipasser) locustella could not be studied because no skeleton exists in the world's museums (Wood & Schnell 1986).
The structure of a local population and dispersal pattern in the Styan's grasshopper warbler, Locustella pleskei.