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loquat(lō`kwŏt), small ornamental evergreen tree (Eriobotrya japonica) and its fruit. It belongs to the family Rosaceae (roserose,
common name for some members of the Rosaceae, a large family of herbs, shrubs, and trees distributed over most of the earth, and for plants of the genus Rosa, the true roses.
..... Click the link for more information. family) and is probably indigenous to China. It has been grown from antiquity in Japan and N India and is cultivated also in Indochina, the Mediterranean region, and to some extent in the New World subtropics. The yellowish, oval fruits are borne in clusters and taste somewhat like apples or pears but are slightly tart. They are commonly eaten fresh but are used also for making jam, jelly, pie, and sauces. Sometimes the loquat is called Japanese medlar, probably because it somewhat resembles the medlar of Europe and Asia. The loquat is one of the few important fruit trees of the tropics belonging to the rose family. Loquat is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Rosaceae.
(Eriobotrya japonica), a subtropical evergreen tree or shrub of the family Rosaceae. It is up to 6 m tall. The leaves are lanceolate; the small, fragrant, cream-green flowers are in large racemes. The juicy, tart orange or yellow fruits measure up to 3 cm in diameter (the fruits of some cultivated forms are up to 10 cm across). The loquat grows wild in China and northern India. It is cultivated in China, Japan, the United States, and Mediterranean countries. In the USSR the loquat grows along the Black Sea shore of the Caucasus and the southern coast of the Crimea, as well as in some regions of Middle Asia. The fruits are eaten fresh or are processed into compote, jam, or similar products. An ersatz coffee is made from the seeds. The loquat is used as an ornamental in gardens, parks, greenhouses, and homes. It is propagated from seeds and by grafting.