Loden, Barbara(1932–80) actress, film director; born in Marion, N.C. Commencing her Broadway career in 1957, she enjoyed her greatest success playing the Marilyn Monroe-inspired role in Arthur Miller's After the Fall (1964); its director, Elia Kazan, became her (second) husband in 1967. She appeared in a few movies and television dramas, but turned to writing and directing her own films, including The Frontier Experience and Wanda (1970); the latter has gained considerable acclaim for its anticipation of feminist themes. She also directed off-Broadway plays and before her premature death she was starring in and codirecting Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.