Loganiaceae


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Loganiaceae

[lō‚gān·ē′ā·sē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of mostly woody dicotyledonous plants in the order Gentianales; members lack a latex system and have fully united carpels and axile placentation.

Loganiaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants. They are trees and shrubs; some are lianas or herbs. The leaves are opposite, simple, and entire. The flowers are bisexual and generally regular; the calyx and the corolla are usually five- or three-parted. The gynoecium consists of two or, rarely, three carpels; the ovary is usually superior but sometimes half-inferior. The fruit is a capsule or berry; rarely is it a drupe.

There are approximately 20 genera (more than 450 species), distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions of both hemispheres. No wild species are found in the USSR or Western Europe. Many species are poisonous and contain alkaloids; the nux vomica tree (Strychnos nux vomica) is of medical importance. Some Loganiaceae are ornamental. To the Loganiaceae are often assigned only six genera (about 100 species); the remaining genera are classified in other families, including Strychnaceae and Potaliaceae.

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Preliminary assays indicate that Antonia ovata (Loganiaceae) and Derris amazonica (Papilionaceae), ichthyotoxic plants used for fishing in Roraima, Brazil, have an insecticide effect on Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominiae).
(Loganiaceae), numerous adult individuals were collected from the flowers of Lantana camara L.
El concepto de la circunscripcion de generos dentro de la familia Loganiaceae ha variado notablemente; anteriormente incluia unos 29 generos con 600 especies (Gibson, 1969); sin embargo, algunos generos han sido removidos y ubicados en otras familias como: Buddleja a Scrophulariaceae y Polypremum a Tetrachondraceae (Olmstead et al., 2001 y 2003; Oxelman et al., 2005).
Number: RV446 Loganiaceae Fagraea cuspidata Blume Name: kabang penah (or panaa) Life form/habitat: Treelet or tree in second growth forest.
Family Name (Latin and Common): Loganiaceae, the Logania family
The Old World tropical deserts are colonized by a Paleotropical flora, characterized by 1) certain families (Acanthaceae, Aizoaceae, Apocynaceae, Asclepi-adaceae, Bignoniaceae, Bombacaceae, Capparidaceae, Celastraceae, Leguminosae-Caesalpinoidae, Poaceae tribe Chlorideae, Combretaceae, Commelinaceae, Loganiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Moraceae, Moringaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Olacaceae, Oleaceae, Pedaliaceae, Rubiaceae, Salvadoraceae, Sapindaceae, Simaroubaceae, Sterculiaceae, Zygophyllaceae), 2) distinct subfamilies (for example, the grasses of the Andropogonoideae and Panicoideae subfamilies) of families with wider or even cosmopolitan distribution (in the cases cited, the Poaceae), and 3) genera and species more or less confined to the intertropical areas of the Old World.
Asterid 1: Acanthaceae, Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Bignoniaceae, Boraginaeae, Convolvulaceae, Cornaceae (Aucuba), Gentianaceae, Gesneriaceae, Hydrophyllaceae, Lamiaceae, Loganiaceae, Oleaceae, Plantaginaceae?, Rubiaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Solanaceae, Verbenaceae.
1990) reduced the total number of both hermaphroditic and dioecious taxa, but disproportionately affected dimorphic taxa, especially infraspecific taxa in Loganiaceae, Pittosporaceae, Rubiaceae, and Rutaceae.
It was also used for the house on the level of the clans as well as the one which was the common possession of two related clans (mbema = mbima, from mbi: large tree species, Fagraea ceilanica, Loganiaceae, which grows beside the house; ma: enclosed place, thus actually: 'enclosed place next to the mbi-tree').
Based on in situ observation, the common pioneer trees species found during site surveys were such genera as Aleurites (Euphorbiaceae), Amomum (Zingiberaceae), Cratoxylum (Clusiaceae), Dillenia (Dilleniaceae), Elaeocarpus (Elaeocarpaceae), Ficus (Moraceae), Hopea (Dipterocarpaceae), Ilex (Aquifoliaceae), Lithocarpus (Fagaceae), Norrisia (Loganiaceae), Pentace (Tiliaceae), Pentaspadon (Anacardiaceae), Sarcotheca (Oxalidaceae), and Vitex (Verbenaceae).
(nightshade family) Fruit Solarium incanum Solanaceae Whole plant (sodom apple) (nightshade family) Sorghum bicolor (L.) Poaceae (grass Whole plant Moench (sorghum) family) Aerial part Spigelia anthelmia Loganiaceae (Logania Fresh leaf L.