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Loiret(lwärā`), department (1990 pop. 580,612), N central France, partly in Orléanais. OrléansOrléans,
city (1990 pop. 107,965), capital of Loiret dept., N central France, on the Loire River. A commercial and transportation center, it has food-processing, tobacco, machine-building, electrical, pharmaceutical, chemical, and textile industries.
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a department in France, in the basin of the upper Loire. Area, 6,800 sq km; population, 459,000 (1972). The prefecture is Orléans. Loiret is a major agricultural region, where grain and industrial crops are cultivated and meat and dairy cattle are raised. There is fruit growing and flower cultivation. Loiret has machine-building, wool, clothing, chemical, and food industries.