Skepticism about means to knowledge became associated with the later materialist Lokayata
school, from the ninth century.
This contest was organized in Delhi and NCR with the objective to find the hidden talent from different fashion institutes and launch as direct entry to Asian Designer Week 2017, through Vaatsaalyaa Charitable Trust for Education and award ceremony conducted at Lokayata
- Mulk Raj Anand Centre, Hauz Khas Village, New Delhi.
Citation of a non-Buddhist sastra (1 passage): (23) A verse associated with the Lokayata
tradition (PPMV 360.6-7); see Lokatattvanirnaya 113, in Suali 1887: 290
He says while Sanskrit is celebrated as a priestly language, it also has a larger body of firmly agnostic and atheistic literature ( in the works of Lokayata
and of the Charvaka schools, among others), than any other classical language in the world.
It is also true that the Mahavihara Vinaya proscribes monks learning what is called lokayata
, or materialistic science.
Thus, Sen writes, "this home [India] of endless spirituality has perhaps the largest atheistic and materialist literature of all the ancient civilizations." He adds that Buddhism was agnostic, the Carvaka and Lokayata
philosophies of the atheist schools generated extensive arguments about materialism (Sen: Spring 1997).
Sen refers to the powerful effect of the Lokayata
and Carvaka schools of thought from the first millennium CE which encouraged open debate, and supported the Mughal emperor Akbar in his famous open multi-religious dialogues in the late sixteenth century.
, the materialist school, emphasized rationalism, laid the earliest Foundations of scientific methods of analysis and investigation, and provided the wellsprings for the efflorescence of Indian science, medicine, astronomy and the like.
European historians of Indian thought tended to forget that there had been many pre-vedic, non-vedic and even anti-vedic schools of thought which were quite popular with the people (Lokayata
, Carvaka, Kapalika, etc.).