Lombok

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Lombok

(lŏmbŏk`), island (1990 pop. 2,403,025), c.1,825 sq mi (4,725 sq km), E Indonesia, one of the Lesser Sundas, separated from Bali by the Strait of Lombok. Mataram, with the port of Ampenan nearby, is the chief town. The volcanic and mountainous terrain rises to 12,224 ft (3,726 m) at Mt. Rinjani (Rindjani); a caldera that is part of the Rinjani complex contains a lake and an active volcanic cone, Mt. Barujari. The caldera is the remnant of the collapse of Mt. Samalas, which may be the source of the massive volcanic eruption in 1257 that left traces in the ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica and affected Europe's climate; the eruption was one of the largest in the last 10,000 years. Lombok's southern area is a fertile plain producing corn, rice, coffee, cotton, and tobacco; tourism is also important to the economy. The island is inhabited mainly by Sasaks, Muslims of Malay descent; there are also Balinese and ethnic Chinese. First visited by the Dutch in 1674, Lombok became part of the Netherlands East Indies in 1894. The English naturalist A. R. WallaceWallace, Alfred Russel,
1823–1913, English naturalist. From his study of comparative biology in Brazil and in the East Indies, he evolved a concept of evolution similar to that of Charles Darwin.
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 noted that Lombok is on the line where the fauna of Asia and Australia meet. A series of earthquakes in 2018 caused significant destruction on Lombok and killed several hundred people. A state university is in Mataram.

Lombok

 

one of the Lesser Sunda Islands. It belongs to Indonesia. Its area totals 5,435 sq km (according to other sources, 4,729 sq km). In the north are mountains capped by the volcano Rinjani (3,726 m); in the central region there are hilly plains; and in the south, a limestone plateau that attains an altitude of 716 m.

Lombok has a subequatorial, monsoonal climate. The rainy season lasts from October to the end of March (the summer in the southern hemisphere). Savannas and sparse growths of trees predominate. Forests have been preserved high in the mountains. Rice, coffee, soybeans, peanuts, and tobacco are cultivated. There are deposits of lead and zinc ores. Mataram is the principal city.

Lombok

an island of Indonesia, in the Nusa Tenggara Islands east of Java: came under Dutch rule in 1894; important biologically as being transitional between Asian and Australian in flora and fauna, the line of demarcation beginning at Lombok Strait (a channel between Lombok and Bali, connecting the Flores Sea with the Indian Ocean). Chief town: Mataram. Pop.: 2 500 000 (1991). Area: 4730 sq. km (1826 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
There are other trips to Probolinggo, Java Island (a fishing port), Lovina Beach on Bali (a black, sandy beach resort), Senggigi Beach, Lombok Island (a bustling beach resort with a great vibe) and Gili Sudak on Lombok Island (a private resort on a beautiful sandy beach, lapped by turquoise waters).
A quick check on the Internet yielded the information that Mount Rinjani on Lombok Island had erupted that morning, leading to the closure of three airports, including the Ngurah Rai International Airport in Bali.
AaAaAeAeAaAe airport on Mataram, the capital of West Nusatenggara province in nearby Lombok Island, was also closed.
The 43-year-old tour agent had been taking a family of four on a trip to Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia's Lombok island, and had been happy to get the work.
Three ships, including the Changbaishan -- China's largest landing craft which can carry a marine battalion and 15- 20 armoured vehicles -- crossed the Makassar Straits between Sulawesi and Kalimantan, and then went through the Lombok which is between Bali and Lombok island and entered the Indian Ocean.
London, Oct 1 ( ANI ): Scientists have claimed that the Samalas Volcano on Lombok Island, Indonesia was responsible for a huge eruption that occurred in the 13th Century.
At a press conference in Jakarta to launch to 2013 event, Chief of the Association of Indonesian Architects - Nusa Tenggara Barat (IAI NTB), Rahman Wibisono, IAI, said, "The Festival's theme of 'Re-Design the World with Bamboo' is aimed at developing the creative economy on Lombok Island through architectural designs which utilize and promote the value of local materials while maintaining a sustainable environment.
The agreement was reached by ASEAN senior officials in the Senggigi beach resort on Lombok Island on Friday.
Mount Baru Jari on Lombok island, near the resort island of Bali, erupted in May, spewing ash and lava at least 1,500 metres into the sky, damaging crops but not threatening villagers.
With KUFPEC producing oil in Indonesia, KPC has been invited to have equity in a 250,000 b/d refinery proposed to be built either on Lombok Island, east of Java island, or in the eastern part of Kalimantan.
Emaar Properties, the UAE-based global property developer, has expanded its geographic presence into Southeast Asia with a mixed-use project in Central Lombok Island in Indonesia.
If the plan comes to reality Emaar Properties hopes to attract around 2 million tourists from Middle East every year to visit Lombok island across the world famous tourist island of Bali, Parikesit said.