Lon Nol

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Lon Nol

(lŏn nōl), 1913–85, Cambodian general and political leader. He became defense minister and army chief of staff in 1955 in Norodom SihanoukSihanouk, Norodom
, 1922–2012, king of Cambodia (1941–55, 1993–2004), b. Phnom Penh. Sihanouk was educated in Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) and Paris and was elected king by a royal council in 1941.
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's government. He served as premier (1966–67) under Sihanouk. In 1970, he led the coup that deposed Sihanouk, and assumed control of the government. He attempted unsuccessfully to suppress the Communist Khmer RougeKhmer Rouge
, name given to native Cambodian Communists. Khmer Rouge soldiers, aided by North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops, began a large-scale insurgency against government forces in 1970, quickly gaining control over more than two thirds of the country.
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 guerrillas, and his efforts plunged the country into civil war. After temporarily relinquishing power, he seized control in 1972 and suspended the constitution. Due to his inept leadership and anti-Communist fervor, he was forced to leave the country in 1975, when the Khmer Rouge advanced on the capital city. He settled in Hawaii.

Nol, Lon:

see Lon NolLon Nol
, 1913–85, Cambodian general and political leader. He became defense minister and army chief of staff in 1955 in Norodom Sihanouk's government. He served as premier (1966–67) under Sihanouk.
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Lon Nol


Born Nov. 2, 1913. Cambodian political figure. General.

Lon Nol held important administrative posts under the colonial regime. After the proclamation of Cambodia’s independence in 1953, he served as chief of staff of the Cambodian Army (1955-66) and was several times minister of defense. In August 1969 he was appointed prime minister. He played a major role in the coup of Mar. 18, 1970, and was elected presi-dent of the Khmer Republic in Phnom Penh in 1972. In April 1975 the Lon Nol regime was overthrown by the Cambodian patriotic forces. [15-47.3]

References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, in many cases -- the Shah of Iran, Cambodia's Lon Nol, Chile's Augusto Pinochet, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo's Mobutu Sese Seko, to name a few -- it led to long-term insecurity and disorder.
bombed communist Vietnamese sanctuaries and supply lines along the Vietnam-Cambodia border, keeping Cambodia's Lon Nol government propped up as an anti-communist enclave, but it provided World War II aircraft and few artillery pieces to Phnom Penh forces fighting the Khmer Rouge.
Some 8,000 Cambodians died of starvation and malnutrition in March 1975, according to the Washington-based Indochina Research Center, largely because the Lon Nol government and U.
6 million civilians and the execution of 2,000-3,000 soldiers of the Lon Nol regime in the northwestern province of Pursat between 1975 and 1977.
A (reportedly CIA backed) coup in 1970 saw Sihanouk replaced by General Lon Nol, who attempted to crush the Khmer Rouge.
In a similar vein, Khieu Samphan said he was acting to "defend my country" after a 1970 coup that installed a US-friendly government led by Lon Nol.
23) Prior to the Cambodian coup of March 18, 1970, when Sihanouk was overthrown by General Lon Nol and Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak, the Nixon administration looked to accomplish its goals not through large-scale ground operations across the border, but by reinstating and improving relations with Sihanouk and undertaking the secret MENU bombing campaign.
La dette qui atteint pres de 445 millions de dollars, avec les interets, avait ete contractee par le regime pro-americain du general Lon Nol, auteur d'un coup d'Etat en 1970.
At least 37 journalists were killed or are listed as missing from the 1970-75 war, which pitted the US-backed Lon Nol government against the North Vietnamese-supported Khmer Rouge.
Instead, he said, the Khmer Rouge took what they saw as a "golden opportunity" that was given by the backing given to General Lon Nol, the coup leader, by Nixon and his secretary of state, Henry Kissinger.
He was an interpreter for tourists and film crews when civil war broke out between forces of the US-backed dictator Lon Nol and the Khmer Rouge, and then he began working as a guide and interpreter for reporter Sydney Schanberg, from The New York Times.
In March 1970, Cambodia's Norodom Sihanouk was overthrown by the Lon Nol government.