Lon Nol

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Lon Nol

(lŏn nōl), 1913–85, Cambodian general and political leader. He became defense minister and army chief of staff in 1955 in Norodom SihanoukSihanouk, Norodom
, 1922–2012, king of Cambodia (1941–55, 1993–2004), b. Phnom Penh. Sihanouk was educated in Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) and Paris and was elected king by a royal council in 1941.
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's government. He served as premier (1966–67) under Sihanouk. In 1970, he led the coup that deposed Sihanouk, and assumed control of the government. He attempted unsuccessfully to suppress the Communist Khmer RougeKhmer Rouge
, name given to native Cambodian Communists. Khmer Rouge soldiers, aided by North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops, began a large-scale insurgency against government forces in 1970, quickly gaining control over more than two thirds of the country.
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 guerrillas, and his efforts plunged the country into civil war. After temporarily relinquishing power, he seized control in 1972 and suspended the constitution. Due to his inept leadership and anti-Communist fervor, he was forced to leave the country in 1975, when the Khmer Rouge advanced on the capital city. He settled in Hawaii.

Nol, Lon:

see Lon NolLon Nol
, 1913–85, Cambodian general and political leader. He became defense minister and army chief of staff in 1955 in Norodom Sihanouk's government. He served as premier (1966–67) under Sihanouk.
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Lon Nol


Born Nov. 2, 1913. Cambodian political figure. General.

Lon Nol held important administrative posts under the colonial regime. After the proclamation of Cambodia’s independence in 1953, he served as chief of staff of the Cambodian Army (1955-66) and was several times minister of defense. In August 1969 he was appointed prime minister. He played a major role in the coup of Mar. 18, 1970, and was elected presi-dent of the Khmer Republic in Phnom Penh in 1972. In April 1975 the Lon Nol regime was overthrown by the Cambodian patriotic forces. [15-47.3]

References in periodicals archive ?
Prime Minister Hun Sen revisited a wedge issue between Cambodia and the US on Tuesday, complaining about the approximately $500 million in Vietnam War-era debt accumulated under the Lon Nol regime still owed to the superpower.
1972 Cambodia's Premier Lon Nol takes complete control of Cambodian
Another noteworthy part is Chapter 3, in which he discusses the events that contributed to the rise of Lon Nol, a man who US ambassador John Dean described as "not intelligent," unable to "think logically and must be led by the hand through a chain of reasoning" (p.
A local communist movement, the Khmer Rouge, challenged the American-sponsored Lon Nol regime and gained support from the Cambodian countryside.
Indeed, in many cases -- the Shah of Iran, Cambodia's Lon Nol, Chile's Augusto Pinochet, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo's Mobutu Sese Seko, to name a few -- it led to long-term insecurity and disorder.
bombed communist Vietnamese sanctuaries and supply lines along the Vietnam-Cambodia border, keeping Cambodia's Lon Nol government propped up as an anti-communist enclave, but it provided World War II aircraft and few artillery pieces to Phnom Penh forces fighting the Khmer Rouge.
Some 8,000 Cambodians died of starvation and malnutrition in March 1975, according to the Washington-based Indochina Research Center, largely because the Lon Nol government and U.
It happened in Cambodia in the seventies: The American carpet bombing started in 1969 to prevent Viet Cong infiltration to Cambodia, the setting up of Lon Nol regime by the CIA in 1970 in Nom Penn, the continuation of carpet bombing inside Cambodia effectively led to the emergence of a once obscure political activist Pol Pot and the establishment of Khmer Rough regime in 1975.
He then reinstated relations with the US, secretly allowed them to bomb the Ho Chi Minh Trail and appointed the conservative anti-communist Lon Nol as new prime minister.
6 million civilians and the execution of 2,000-3,000 soldiers of the Lon Nol regime in the northwestern province of Pursat between 1975 and 1977.
A (reportedly CIA backed) coup in 1970 saw Sihanouk replaced by General Lon Nol, who attempted to crush the Khmer Rouge.
In a similar vein, Khieu Samphan said he was acting to "defend my country" after a 1970 coup that installed a US-friendly government led by Lon Nol.