Long, Crawford

Long, Crawford (Williamson)

(1815–78) surgeon, anesthetist; born in Danielsville, Ga. Practicing in rural Georgia, he was the first doctor to use sulphuric ether as an anesthetic in an operation (1842)—he was removing a tumor from a patient's neck. Although he operated several more times with ether before 1846, he was apparently unaware of its full significance and did not publish a description of his procedure until 1849. By that time, W. T. G. Morton of Boston had filed a patent for discovery of ether in 1846 and Long would never get much credit or gain from claim to priority.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.