# ton

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## ton:

see English units of measurementEnglish units of measurement,
principal system of weights and measures used in a few nations, the only major industrial one being the United States. It actually consists of two related systems—the U.S.
.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

## Ton

(also Weise), in the art of the Meistersingers, a melody, especially a model melody, sung to various texts, for example, H. Sach’s Die Silberweise.

IU. N. KHOLOPOV

## Ton

the name of various units of weight. The metric ton is equal to 1,000 kg; its international designation is t. In the USA, the long ton and short ton are used. The ton used in Great Britain is equal to the long ton. Equivalences are as follows: 1 long ton = 20 long hundredweight = 2,240 pounds avoirdupois = 1,016.047 kg; 1 short ton = 20 short hundredweight = 2,000 pounds avoirdupois = 907.185 kg; 1 metric ton = 61.04821 Russian poods.

## ton

[tən]
(industrial engineering)
A unit of volume of sea freight, equal to 40 cubic feet or approximately 1.1327 cubic meters. Also known as freight ton; measurement ton; shipping ton.
(mechanics)
A unit of weight in common use in the United States, equal to 2000 pounds or 907.18474 kilogram-force. Also known as just ton; net ton; short ton.
A unit of mass in common use in the United Kingdom equal to 2240 pounds, or to 1016.0469088 kilogram-force. Also known as gross ton; long ton.
A unit of weight in troy measure, equal to 2000 troy pounds, or to 746.4834432 kilogram-force.
(mechanical engineering)
A unit of refrigerating capacity, that is, of rate of heat flow, equal to the rate of extraction of latent heat when one short ton of ice of specific latent heat 144 international table British thermal units per pound is produced from water at the same temperature in 24 hours; equal to 200 British thermal units per minute, or to approximately 3516.85 watts. Also known as standard ton.
(naval architecture)
A unit of internal capacity of ships, equal to 100 cubic feet or approximately 2.8317 cubic meters. Also known as register ton.
(nucleonics)
The energy released by one metric ton of chemical high explosives calculated at the rate of 1000 calories per gram; equal to 4.18 × 109 joules; used principally in expressing the energy released by a nuclear bomb.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## ton

1. The equivalent of 2,000 lb (907.2 kg).Also see metric ton.
2. A unit of refrigeration capacity equal to 200 Btu per minute, the equivalent cooling provided by the melting of one ton of ice in one hour.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## ton

1. Brit a unit of weight equal to 2240 pounds or 1016.046909 kilograms
2. US a unit of weight equal to 2000 pounds or 907.184 kilograms
3. a unit of weight equal to 1000 kilograms
4. a unit of volume or weight used for charging or measuring freight in shipping. It depends on the type of material being shipped but is often taken as 40 cubic feet, 1 cubic metre, or 1000 kilograms
5. a unit of volume used in shipping freight, equal to 40 cubic feet, irrespective of the commodity shipped
6. a unit used for measuring the displacement of a ship, equal to 35 cubic feet of sea water or 2240 pounds
7. a unit of internal capacity of ships equal to 100 cubic feet
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Haulage is done once per week using a Canadian-flag tug/barge combination, capable of carrying 11,000 tonnes (11,000 long tons), operated by McKeil Marine of Hamilton, Ontario.
(2) One tonne (metric ton) equals 0.984 long tons (one long ton = 2,240 pounds) or 1.102 short tons (one short ton = 2,000 pounds).
Ro/Ro ships, small cargo vessels, and dry-cargo barges: maximum cargo capacity at midsummer draft (in long tons) Note B: "Depth" refers to the distance from the top of the keel to the top of the upper deck.
Unit plied Conversion Unit by Factor Mass short tons (2,000 lb) x 0.907 184 7 long tons x 1.016 047 pounds (lb) x .453 592 37 (a) pounds uranium oxide (lb [U.sub.3][O.sub.8]) x 0.384 647 (b) ounces, avoirdupois (avdp oz) x 28.349 52 Volume barrels of oil (bbl) x 0.158 987 3 cubic yards ([yd.sup.3]) x 0.764 555 cubic feet ([ft.sup.3]) x 0.028 316 85 U.S.
lied Conversion equ- Metric Unit Unit by Factor als Unit Mass short tons x 0.907 184 7 = metric (2,000 lb) tons (t) long tons x 1.016 047 = metric tons (t) pounds (lb) x .453 592 37 (a) = kilo- grams (kg) pounds x 0.384 647 (b) = kilo- uranium grams oxide (lb uranium [U.sub.3] (kgU) [O.sub.8]) ounces, x 28.349 52 = grams avoirdupois (g) (avdp oz) Volume barrels of x 0.158 987 3 = cubic oil (bbl) meters ([m.sup .3]) cubic yards x 0.764 555 = cubic ([yd.sup.3]) meters ([m.sup .3]) cubic feet x 0.028 316 85 = cubic ([ft.sup.3]) meters ([m.sup .3]) U.S.
Based on the assumption that iron ore prices (\$76 per metric ton), steel prices (\$694 per short ton), and pellet premiums (\$67.50 per metric ton) will average for the remainder of 2019 their respective January averages, Cliffs would realize Mining and Pelletizing revenue rates in the range of \$102 to \$107 per long ton. Performing the same analysis using spot prices as of February 7, 2019, namely an iron ore price of \$90.50 per metric ton, a steel price of \$683 per short ton, and a pellet premium of \$67.50 per metric ton, Cliffs would expect to realize Mining and Pelletizing revenue rates in the range of \$111 to \$116 per long ton for the full-year 2019.
Based on the assumption that iron ore prices, steel prices, and pellet premiums will average for the remainder of 2018 their respective year-to-date averages, Cliffs would realize USIO revenue rates in the range of \$105 to \$110 per long ton. This range remains consistent with the prior calculation as the year-to-date average increase in hot-rolled coil steel prices has been offset by higher freight rates.
Cliffs would realize USIO revenue rates in the range of \$105-\$110 per long ton. This represents an increase from the prior calculation based on the increase in hot-rolled coil steel prices, partially offset by lower iron ore prices.
Cliffs would realize USIO revenue rates in the range of \$102 to \$107 per long ton. This represents an increase from the prior calculation based on the substantial increase in hot-rolled coil steel prices, partially offset by lower iron ore prices.

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