Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Longinus(lŏnjī`nəs), fl. 1st cent.? A.D., Greek literary critic; writer of the famous treatise On the Sublime. Nothing is known of his life, and for a long time his work was attributed to Cassius Longinus. On the Sublime is one of the momuments of literary criticism. The work is the sole source for Sappho's second ode.
Longinus(Cassius Longinus), c.213–273, Greek rhetorician and philosopher of the Neoplatonic school. He taught rhetoric at Athens. He later became counselor to Queen Zenobia of Palmyra; when the anti-Roman policy he had advocated failed, he was delivered to the Romans, who executed him as a traitor. Of his numerous rhetorical, philosophical, and critical works, only fragments remain. On the Sublime, a Greek treatise of literary criticism, was long attributed to Longinus, but it is now agreed that the author, often known as Pseudo-Longinus, lived in the 1st cent. A.D.
See D. St. Marin, Bibliography of the Essay on the Sublime (1967).
classical rhetorician and Neoplatonic philosopher of the third century. Until the 19th century, Longinus was considered to be the author of On the Sublime, a treatise on aesthetics and literary criticism that most modern scholars now attribute to the first century A.D.