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Longyearbyen(lông`yērbü'ən), town and administrative center of SvalbardSvalbard
, archipelago (23,958 sq mi/62,051 sq km), island group (2015 est. pop. 2,700), possession of Norway, located in the Arctic Ocean, c.400 mi (640 km) N of the Norwegian mainland and between lat. 74°N and 81°N.
..... Click the link for more information. , on Isfjorden, SpitsbergenSpitsbergen
, formerly Vestspitsbergen,
largest island (15,075 sq mi/39,044 sq km) of Svalbard, a Norwegian possession in the Arctic Ocean. It rises to Newtontoppen Mt. (c.5,650 ft/1,720 m), the highest point.
..... Click the link for more information. island. It was founded (1905) as a coal-mining settlement by an American company and named after the American miner J. M. Longyear. Its coal mines were transferred to a Norwegian company in 1916. The town was destroyed (Sept., 1943) by German battleships but was quickly rebuilt; coal mining remains signifcant, but tourism is increasingly important. The Svalbard International Seed Vault, a seed bank designed as a global backup storage facility, is inside a mountain near the town.
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a village on Spitsbergen island, administrative centre of the Svalbard archipelago: coal-mining
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005