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Related to Loons: Common Loon
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Gaviiformes), an order of birds comprising one family, Gaviidae, with the single genus, Gavia, which has three species: the red-throated loon (Gavia stellata), black-throated loon (G. arctica), and common loon (G. immer).

Loons are large birds; for example, the body of the black-throated loon is approximately 70 cm long. The body is elongated; the bill is straight, sharp, and strong. The wings are narrow and pointed, and the tail is short. The loon has a white belly, the back is black with white markings or plain grayish brown. The front digits are webbed, and the rear digit is lobed. Members of the order are aquatic birds, well adapted for swimming and diving. On land they move about by crawling because of the special structure of their limbs.

Loons inhabit the tundra and forest zones of Europe, Asia, and America, distributed to the northernmost islands. In Asia they also live on steppe lakes and highlands of southern Siberian ranges. Their diet consists offish, which they catch when they dive. The birds nest on freshwater lakes. The nest is built on a flat shore near the water. The clutch contains one or two eggs, more rarely three, colored olive brown with speckles. The hatchlings are raised in broods. The skins (the white breast and belly) are made into “fur” goods.


Kozlova, E. V. “Gagaroobraznye, trubkonosye.” In Fauna SSSR, vol. 1, no. 3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Several crew members would go out, capture the loons and then bring them to shore where we could watch and photograph them being processed (weighed, measured and banded).
Since 1999 loons in Massachusetts have been tagged with federal identification bands and color bands that differentiate them.
And it leaves me uttering a Pentecost prayer: Oh God, as to spiritual gifts may we be more like loons as to their chicks.
The text, short and direct, introduces readers to two contrasting characters--a polite, patient Loon and a rude, restless Raven--who desire to add some colour to their lives, with surprising results.
A back and forth cup final culminated in Lance's Loons keeping their 100 per cent record intact, if only by the odd goal.
In particular, 53% of Red-throated Loons had distended cloacae, perhaps related to the build up of crystallized urates.
But I hope those 'loons' tell Clr Molly Walton exactly what they think of her come the next local election.
The Los Angeles Dodgers and Great Lakes Loons announced today an extension of the organizations' player development contract for an additional four seasons, making the Loons the Single-A Midwest League partner of the Dodgers through 2014.
LOON LAKE - It was quiet here Saturday, a cool, overcast June afternoon, So quiet, the mournful call of the loon would have reverberated throughout the Coast Range canyon that cradles Loon Lake - if only loons still made their home here.
Evers of the BioDiversity Research Institute in Gorham, Maine, and his colleagues analyzed mercury concentrations in yellow perch and common loons in the northern United States and southern Canada.
Wild common loons (Gavia immer) were captured across much of their southern North American range.