Lop Nur


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Lop Nur

(lôp nûr), salt basin, SE Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, in the Tarim River basin. Since 1964, Lop Nur has been used by the China for its nuclear test explosions. Once a large salt lake (as mapped by ancient Chinese geographers), it is now largely dried up, with marshes and small, shifting lakes receiving the channels of the TarimTarim
, Mandarin Dayan, chief river of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, c.1,300 mi (2,090 km) long, formed by the union of the Aksu and the Yarkant rivers at the western end of the Taklimakan desert, and flowing generally east, along the northern edge of the
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 river. The region was explored by N. M. PrzhevalskyPrzhevalsky, Nikolai Mikhailovich
, 1839–88, Russian geographer and explorer in central and E Asia. He made five major expeditions—one to the Ussuri area in the Russian Far East (1867–68) and four to Mongolia, Xinjiang, and Tibet (1870–85).
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 and Sven HedinHedin, Sven Anders
, 1865–1952, Swedish explorer in central Asia. Following soon after Przhevalsky, Hedin explored Tibet, Xinjiang, and the Kunlun and Trans-Himalaya ranges and discovered the sources of the Brahmaputra and the Indus rivers; his account was published in
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; archaeological sites at the ancient margins of the lake have yielded mummies of Caucasian inhabitants. In 1928, at the time of the last expedition, the lake covered c.1,200 sq mi (3,100 sq km). The name sometimes appears as Lop Nor and Lo-pu po.
References in periodicals archive ?
In our search for dunes with a hard, camel-bearing surface, we edged slowly southwards along Many Rat Hole Valley, a prominent seasonal watercourse that each spring channels snow-melt from the northern Tibetan escarpment towards the southernmost tip of Lop Nur.
Lop Nur, or Lake Lop, also known as "the sea of death", is now a 20,000-square-km seasonal marsh, which is rich in oil, gas, coal and mineral resources.
The harsh southern route crossed the sandy desert of the Lop Nur region; the Chinese called the sands the "barchans (dunes) of the white dragon.
Above left: an ancient burial ground at Loulan, on the edge of the Lop Nur salt flat, Sinkiang, c.
newspaper report that it is preparing for an underground nuclear weapons test at its Lop Nur testing facility in the western province of Xinjiang.
As a result of continual pressure from the WCPF, the Chinese government established the 175,000-square-kilometre Lop Nur Wild Camel Reserve in Xinjiang province the following year.
This month, there seems to be a slightly heavier bias than usual towards animal stories: we have the cover feature about the leopards of Sanjay Ghandi National Park in Mumbai, which are attacking the local human population (page 42); there are the wild Bactrian camels in China's Lop Nur Wild Camel National Nature Reserve, which are suffering from the effects of illegal gold extraction using potassium cyanide (page 14); and there are the reindeer of the extreme north of Norway which, with the guidance of Sami herdsman, make their annual migration across the frozen wastes of Finnmark to fresh feeding grounds (page 58).
EVIDENCE OF ILLEGAL gold extraction using deadly potassium cyanide has been discovered inside China's vast Lop Nur Wild Camel National Nature Reserve in the Gashun Gobi desert, Xinjiang Province, by the explorer who helped establish the reserve in 2001.
Not only was he the first foreigner to visit the ancient dried-up salt lake Lop Nur since 1958 (it had been sealed off for nuclear testing), but he was the first to reveal the tragic plight of the wild camel in China.
The critically endangered, wild Bactrian camel has survived in Lop Nur, China, on salt water that no other mammal will touch, including the domestic Bactrian camel," says Hare.
This prominent seasonal watercourse stretches north from the Tibet escarpment towards the southernmost tip of the dried-up lake of Lop Nur.