Aguirre, Lope de

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Aguirre, Lope de

(lō`pā thā agē`rā), c.1510–1561, Spanish rebel and adventurer in colonial South America. He was often involved in violence and sedition before joining (1560) the expedition of Pedro de Ursúa down the Marañón and the Amazon. He was one of the men who overthrew and killed Ursúa, then he killed Ursúa's successor, Fernando de Guzmán, and took command himself. He and his men reached the Atlantic—probably by the Orinoco River—and on the way wantonly laid waste to indigenous villages. In 1561 he seized Margarita Island and held it in a grip of terror. He then crossed to the mainland in an attempt to take Panama, openly proclaiming rebellion against the Spanish crown. Surrounded at Barquisimeto, Venezuela, Aguirre in desperation crowned his infamous life by the murder of his own daughter. He surrendered and was shot.

Bibliography

See W. Lowry, Lope Aguirre, the Wanderer (1952); A. F. Bandelier, The Gilded Man (1893, repr. 1962); S. Minta, Aguirre (1994).

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References in periodicals archive ?
From Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, and early European voyages to America, to Lope de Aguirre's and Percy Fawcett's ventures into the Amazon jungle, to the expeditions that raced to be the first to the South Pole (resulting in triumph for one team and tragedy for the other), Journeys a fascinating portrayal of human gumption, ingenuity, and bravery.
La de Posse es otra version muy diferente en la que la autora le cuestiona al ver el flagrante relativismo o alteracion historica: "Habria que preguntarse por que a Lope de Aguirre, el gran tirano, se le remitifica en esta novela y a Cabeza de Vaca se le desmitifica [...] Posse no cree y no construye ninguna forma pacifica de entendimiento intercultural".
El segundo viaje se realizo en 1559, y es conocido como el de la expedicion de Pedro de Ursua y Lope de Aguirre y el motivo ahora era alcanzar El Dorado, que no se logro porque tal lugar solo existio en la mente, pero no en la realidad.
Aguirre o la posteridad arbitraria: la rebelion del conquistador vasco Lope de Aguirre en la historiografia y la ficcion historica (1561-1992).
The Wrath of God: Lope de Aguirre, Revolutionary of the Americas.
Few sixteenth-century Spanish explorers in the Americas achieved the infamy of Lope de Aguirre, whose story has captivated numerous chroniclers and novelists over the last four centuries.