Loranthaceae


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Loranthaceae

[′lȯ‚ran ′thās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Santalales in which the ovules have no integument and are embedded in a large, central placenta.

Loranthaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants including hemiparasitic shrubs or undershrubs that live on the branches, the trunks, or—less often—the roots of trees or shrubs. The leaves, which are generally evergreen and leathery, are sometimes reduced to scales. The small and usually regular flowers are bisexual or unisexual; they are gathered in inflorescences. The gynoecium consists of three or four carpels, and the ovary is inferior. The fruit is a berry or, less commonly, a drupe. The berries contain a sticky substance, viscin, which helps the seeds of the fruit, which are disseminated by birds, to adhere to the bark of trees.

There are approximately 40 genera, comprising as many as 1,400 species. The plants are found mainly in the tropics. The USSR has four species from the genera Viscum, Loranthus, and Arceuthobium. The last genus has small scalelike paired leaves and parasitizes juniper in the Crimea, western Transcaucasia, and Middle Asia.

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
En consecuencia, la presencia de plantas hemiparasitas (Loranthaceae) en bosques de Polylepis, senalados para ambos registros, podria indicar que la especie se comporta como residente para el norte del departamento de Arequipa.
Phragmanthera capitata (Sprengel) Balle (Figure 1) is a species of the Loranthaceae family.
Lamiaceae Cantinoa mutabilis Loranthaceae Tripodanthus flagellaris Myrtaceae Eucalyptus sp.
The family Loranthaceae comprises 700 species in 60 genera (KUIJT, 2007) and is abundant in the tropics, inhabiting a wide variety of hosts (TAINTER, 2002; LEAL et al., 2006).
Key words: Lasaia, Loranthaceae, Metacharis, mistletoe-feeding, scanning electron microscopy.
Moody, "TLC phytochemical screening in some Nigerian Loranthaceae," Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, vol.
--1902 The Queensland Flora with Plates Illustrating Some Rare Species Part 5, Loranthaceae to Lemnacae, HJ Didams and Co., Government Printer, Brisbane.
Some plant families like the Berberidaceae, Loranthaceae, and the Urticaceae family plants were not usually observed to be used by other Kavirajes in other regions of Bangladesh (see our earlier reports, References above).
Tropical mistletoes, from the family Loranthaceae, are a great example of biodiversity and the symbiotic relationship between plants and animals.
La vegetacion de las orillas de los rios esta cubierta de trepadoras Strychnos y lianas bignoniaceas, y el interior de la selva tiene lianas robustas de Malpighiaceae, Loranthaceae y Sapindaceae.