Burghley, William Cecil, 1st Baron

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Burghley or Burleigh, William Cecil, 1st Baron

(both: bûr`lē), 1520–98, English statesman. He first rose to prominence during the protectorate of Edward Seymour, duke of Somerset, and he served as secretary of state (1550–53) during the ascendancy of John Dudley, duke of Northumberland. He avoided direct involvement in Northumberland's seizure (1553) of the throne for Lady Jane Grey and thus did not lose favor when Mary I succeeded. Although he held no office during her reign, he was sent on several diplomatic missions and sat in Parliament. He was reappointed to office by Elizabeth IElizabeth I,
1533–1603, queen of England (1558–1603). Early Life

The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, she was declared illegitimate just before the execution of her mother in 1536, but in 1544 Parliament reestablished her in the succession after
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, whom he served faithfully for 40 years—as secretary (1558–72) and as lord treasurer (1572–98). He continued to sit in Parliament, as a commoner until 1571 and as Lord Burghley thereafter, and was Elizabeth's chief spokesman there, as well as administrative head of her government. One of his greatest skills was his ability to function as a liaison, representing royal policy to Parliament and keeping Elizabeth in touch with its feelings. His personal religious sympathies were with the Puritans, but politically he considered the interests of the country best served by a middle-of-the-road Anglican church, which he supported against both Protestant and Roman Catholic extremes. He urged Elizabeth to marry and perpetuate a Protestant Tudor house, and he supported the cause of the Scottish Protestants against the Roman Catholic Mary Queen of Scots. He was not able to maintain a policy of moderation, however. A succession of Catholic plots against Elizabeth led to increasing harshness toward Catholics generally and finally the execution of Mary Queen of Scots. In the privy council Burghley took a decisive role in the suppression of the Catholic revolts, but he was opposed to the entrance of England into European wars on behalf of the Protestants. This policy was defeated (1585) by the Puritan wing of the council under Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, and Sir Francis Walsingham. Although Elizabeth's favorites often opposed Burghley's influence, his role as chief adviser was never seriously challenged.

Bibliography

See biography by B. W. Beckingsale (1967); C. Read, Secretary Cecil and Queen Elizabeth (1955) and Lord Burghley and Queen Elizabeth (1960).

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Bacon was now ready to enter on the great career for which his talents fitted him, but his uncle by marriage, Lord Burghley, though all-powerful with the queen, systematically thwarted his progress, from jealous consciousness of his superiority to his own son.
NOON: The 'Lord Burghley' lands in Munich for a scheduled refuelling stop, greeted by driving winds and freezing temperatures.
She was 25 and working for British European Airways when she joined the crew of six on "Lord Burghley", the Elizabethan-class Airspeed AS-57 Ambassador taking United to Yugoslavia for a European Cup quarter-final with Red Star Belgrade.
On November 1, 1583, on solid jurisdictional grounds, Whitgift wrote to Lord Burghley of the necessity of the Privy Council issuing a commission for causes ecclesiastical, largely to investigate breaches of matrimonial law and because the Disciplinarians refused to answer the Ordinary on the grounds of its alleged unlawfulness.
They are the author Gerard, Rembert Dodoens, a renowned Flemish botanist, and Queen Elizabeth's Lord Treasurer, Lord Burghley.
Three were Gerard himself, Flemish botanist Rembert Dodoens and Queen Elizabeth's Lord Treasurer, Lord Burghley, Griffiths said.
They were apparently executed to celebrate the marriage of Thomas Howard, son of the first Earl of Suffolk, to Elizabeth Cecil, daughter of William, Lord Burghley, in 1614.
David Cecil, Lord Burghley (1905-1981), won gold in the 400m hurdles at the 1928 Olympics.
A year earlier the American scholar Conyers Read had published the opening volume of his biography of Lord Burghley (a second followed in 1960), the first life of the chief minister of Elizabeth I (r.
He argues that her anti-Puritan circle of advisors held a distinctly different view of the nature of the English polity than did Cecil (subsequently Lord Burghley), Smith, and the others associated with the monarchical republican position.
This was that the play was not just a universal satire on human greed, deceit and corruption, but rather a veiled attack on Robert Cecil, who was regarded by England's Catholic community (by implication Ben Jonson included) as the architect of their woes, a role he had inherited from his father, Lord Burghley.
Siobhan Clarke, Owen Teale (Lord Burghley), of BBC TV's Torchwood fame, and Steffan Rhodri (Earl of Leicester) who played Joe Gargery in Great Expectations at Mold, and is Dave Coaches in TV's Gavin and Stacey..