Lord John Russell

Russell, Lord John

 

Born Aug. 18, 1792, in London; died May 28, 1878, at Pembroke Lodge, Surrey. English statesman and Whig leader.

Russell became a member of Parliament in 1813 and later held important government posts, including home secretary (1835–39), secretary for the colonies (1839–41), prime minister (1846–52 and 1865–66), and foreign secretary (1852–53 and 1859–65). In 1861 he received an earldom.

Although a spokesman for the interests of the aristocratic oligarchy, Russell took a flexible political line that included certain concessions to the industrial bourgeoisie and the promulgation of moderate reforms. He facilitated an agreement between the British government and the bourgeois upper stratum of the Irish nationalist movement (the Lichfield House Compact of 1835), while at the same time repressing the revolutionary wing (the Coercion Act of 1848 and the suppression of the Irish Uprising of 1848). He was also the instigator of police measures against the Chartists in 1848.

Russell promoted colonial expansion. He defended the aggressive goals in the Eastern conflict that led to the Crimean War of 1853–56. During the American Civil War (1861–65) he proclaimed a policy of neutrality but rendered all manner of support to the Southern slaveholders. Russell was the author of several historical and biographical works.

REFERENCES

Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed. vols. 8–15, 21. (See Index of Names.)
Tilby, A. W. Lord John Russell. London, 1930.

L. I. GOL’MAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Whig Lord John Russell survived as PM after a general election due to a split in the rival Conservative party.
Lord John Russell disbanded most of the British army after Waterloo, to avoid "turning a naval into a military nation, a mighty island into a petty continental state".
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All the great liberal reformers such as Lord John Russell, Lord Grey and many more would be horrified to know of their intentions.
There are too many simple mistakes for a production of this significance (and cost): for instance the historian Christine Kinealy becomes Kenealy (434); British prime minister Lord John Russell is referred to as Sir John Russell (48); the radical land reformer James Fintan Lalor is described as "Lawlor" (5); and Grosse
Lord John Russell believed what the Republicans did, which is, you know, let them eat potatoes even if they're rotten.
His family included politicians and intellectuals, and his uncle, Lord John Russell, had been Prime Minister.
In doing so, he illuminates the outlook of some of the key players in these debates, like Lord John Russell, William E.
He entered the Commons as a Tory in 1806 and served in every government but two in the years between 1807 and 1851, including as foreign secretary in the Whig governments of Lords Grey and Melbourne from 1830 to 1841 and again under Lord John Russell from 1846 to 1851.
Prime Ministers used to get to the top much later in their careers; the last serving PM to father a child was Lord John Russell in 1849.
Lord John Russell secured an act in 1821 to disfranchise the notoriously corrupt borough of Grampound in Cornwall, but its seats were transferred not to Leeds, as he had wanted, but to the county constituency of Yorkshire.
Father James Flint has written a superb account of the failed efforts of Lord John Russell and the Whig party to establish diplomatic relations with the Holy See.