Lord John Russell

Russell, Lord John


Born Aug. 18, 1792, in London; died May 28, 1878, at Pembroke Lodge, Surrey. English statesman and Whig leader.

Russell became a member of Parliament in 1813 and later held important government posts, including home secretary (1835–39), secretary for the colonies (1839–41), prime minister (1846–52 and 1865–66), and foreign secretary (1852–53 and 1859–65). In 1861 he received an earldom.

Although a spokesman for the interests of the aristocratic oligarchy, Russell took a flexible political line that included certain concessions to the industrial bourgeoisie and the promulgation of moderate reforms. He facilitated an agreement between the British government and the bourgeois upper stratum of the Irish nationalist movement (the Lichfield House Compact of 1835), while at the same time repressing the revolutionary wing (the Coercion Act of 1848 and the suppression of the Irish Uprising of 1848). He was also the instigator of police measures against the Chartists in 1848.

Russell promoted colonial expansion. He defended the aggressive goals in the Eastern conflict that led to the Crimean War of 1853–56. During the American Civil War (1861–65) he proclaimed a policy of neutrality but rendered all manner of support to the Southern slaveholders. Russell was the author of several historical and biographical works.


Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed. vols. 8–15, 21. (See Index of Names.)
Tilby, A. W. Lord John Russell. London, 1930.


References in periodicals archive ?
All the great liberal reformers such as Lord John Russell, Lord Grey and many more would be horrified to know of their intentions.
There are too many simple mistakes for a production of this significance (and cost): for instance the historian Christine Kinealy becomes Kenealy (434); British prime minister Lord John Russell is referred to as Sir John Russell (48); the radical land reformer James Fintan Lalor is described as "Lawlor" (5); and Grosse
Lord John Russell believed what the Republicans did, which is, you know, let them eat potatoes even if they're rotten.
He entered the Commons as a Tory in 1806 and served in every government but two in the years between 1807 and 1851, including as foreign secretary in the Whig governments of Lords Grey and Melbourne from 1830 to 1841 and again under Lord John Russell from 1846 to 1851.
Prime Ministers used to get to the top much later in their careers; the last serving PM to father a child was Lord John Russell in 1849.
His networks grew and grew, including not only the most important writers of his day, but powerful liberal politicians like Lord Moira, Lord Lansdowne, and Lord John Russell.
Father James Flint has written a superb account of the failed efforts of Lord John Russell and the Whig party to establish diplomatic relations with the Holy See.
When the Union's demands for British government action were finally acknowledged, thePrime Minister Lord John Russell despatched an impounding order by train.
Liberal reformer Lord John Russell became a father while at No 10 in 1848.
After repeating his description of Askew being carried to the stake in a chair, Foxe then related that Askew interrupted Nicholas Shaxton's sermon (Shaxton was a prominent evangelical preacher who as part of his own recantation was obliged to preach at Askew's execution) with her own commentary Foxe's account continued with a description of Lord Chancellor Wriothesley, the third Duke of Norfolk, Lord John Russell and the mayor of London watching Askew's execution from a bench under the church of St Bartholomew and the fears that that these notables would be injured when the gunpowder under Askew and her fellow martyrs exploded.
Box 203, Correspondence with Lord John Russell, folder 1733.
She went on to marry Lord John Russell who later succeeded to the Bedford dukedom.