Krishna

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Krishna

(krĭsh`nə) [Sanskrit,=black], one of the most popular deities in Hinduism, the eighth avatar, or incarnation of VishnuVishnu
, one of the greatest gods of Hinduism, also called Narayana. First mentioned in the Veda as a minor deity, his theistic cults, known as Vaishnavism, or Vishnuism, grew steadily from the first millennium B.C., absorbing numerous different traditions and minor deities.
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. Krishna appears in the MahabharataMahabharata
, classical Sanskrit epic of India, probably composed between 200 B.C. and A.D. 200. The Mahabharata, comprising more than 90,000 couplets, usually of 32 syllables, is the longest single poem in world literature.
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 epic as a prince of the Yadava tribe and the friend and counselor of the Pandava princes. His divinity is proclaimed in several places in the epic, particularly in the Bhagavad-GitaBhagavad-Gita
[Skt.,=song of the Lord], Sanskrit poem incorporated into the Mahabharata, one of the greatest religious classics of Hinduism. The Gita (as it is often called) consists of a dialogue between Lord Krishna and Prince Arjuna on the eve of the great battle of
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. Krishna's childhood and youth are described in the Harivamsa (a supplement to the Mahabharata), the Vishnu Purana, and the Bhagavata Purana, the last being one of the most important texts of the Bhakti, or devotional, movement. As a young boy Krishna is the foster child of cowherds and shows his divine nature by conquering demons. As a youth he is the lover of the gopis (milkmaids), playing his flute and dancing with them by moonlight. The play of Krishna and the gopis is regarded in Hinduism as an image of the soul's relationship with God. The love of Krishna and Radha, his favorite gopi, is celebrated in a great genre of Sanskrit and Bengali love poetry.

Bibliography

See W. G. Archer, The Loves of Krishna in Indian Painting and Poetry (1953, repr. 1960); M. Singer, ed., Krishna: Myths, Rites and Attitudes (1965); J. P. Losty, Krishna: A Hindu Vision of God (1980).


Krishna

(krĭsh`nə) or

Kistna

(kĭst`nə), river, c.800 mi (1,290 km) long, rising in Maharashtra state, central India, in the Western Ghats, and flowing SE and then E through Karnataka, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh states to the Bay of Bengal. The river supplies water for the irrigation of extensive areas in all three states; its flow fluctuates according to seasonal monsoon rains. Its source is sacred to Hindus; the river is named for the god Krishna.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Krishna

 

a deity in Hinduism.

Krishna is venerated as an incarnation of the god Vishnu. In epic legends he is a wise teacher, a demon-conquering warrior, and later, in the Middle Ages, a divine shepherd (the incarnation of the forces of nature and love). The cult of Krishna plays a significant role in Hinduism. Legends about Krishna’s love for shepherdesses have long been used in Indian literature (from the 12th-century Gitagovinda of Jayadeva to R. Tagore) and art.

REFERENCE

Legendy o Krishne, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937. (Translated from Hindi.)

Krishna

 

(Kistna), a river in India in the central and south-eastern Hindustan peninsula. Length, 1,280 km; basin area, 330,-000 sq km. The Krishna rises in the Western Ghats, crosses the Decca plateau from west to east, and flows into the Bay of Bengal, forming a delta. It is fed by monsoon rains, with the high-water level occurring in summer. In its middle and lower course it is used for irrigating an area of more than 500,000 ha, through canals totaling over 3,000 km in length. The Nagarjuna Sagar hydroengineering complex is located on its lower course. It is navigable near the ocean. The city of Vijayawada is located on the Krishna.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Krishna

Hindu god acts as spiritual and military counselor to Arjuna and his family. [Hindu Lit.: Mahabharata]
See: Counsel

Krishna

god who plays flute to enamored milkmaids. [Hindu Myth.: Binder, 23]
See: Love
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Krishna

1
a river in S India, rising in the Western Ghats and flowing generally southeast to the Bay of Bengal. Length: 1300 km (800 miles)

Krishna

2
Hinduism the most celebrated of the Hindu deities, whose life story is told in the Mahabharata
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
National dailies published special stories on works and ideals of Lord Krishna. Radio and television channels aired special programmes highlighting the significance of the day.
Govardhan Puja and Gudi Padwa: Govardhan Puja marks the day when Lord Krishna saved the people of Gokul by lifting Govardhan hill, from the ire of Devraj Indra.
Lord Krishna was the son of Devaki and Vasudeva and his birthday is revered and celebrated by Hindus as the third most important religious festival after Holi and Diwali, he said, adding that Krishna is considered as the eighth and most powerful avatar of Lord Vishnu and he was born around 5,200 years ago.
The story of Lord Krishna's birth is as fascinating as the events that took place during his life time.
Another story goes like this: one morning, when Lord Krishna was flying a kite, he cut his finger with the kite string.
My group called Nupur will be performing Varna which is about Lord Krishna's life story.
India, May 2 -- A rationalist known to me many years walked into my office and told me, "You know sir, my daughter did not pass the plus two exam and my wife is so upset with Lord Krishna; because she was praying so ardently for her daughter to pass in very high first class.
It chronicles a dialogue between the warrior-prince Arjuna and his guide and charioteer, Lord Krishna. Bhagavad-Gita explores life's primordial and existential questions: Why do humans exist?
The session also saw enthusiastic Congressmen presenting Rahul with a gada ( club), a sudarshan chakra ( a mythical spinning disk like weapon, which was used by Lord Krishna to finish his enemies) and an idol of Lord Krishna.
Vaishnavism, the worship of Lord Krishna, is one of the principle branches within the broad Hindu tradition.
Geeta is considered to be the supreme nectar milk, milked from the Upanishads as cows by Lord Krishna, Arjuna as the calf--the men of purified intellect as the drinkers (i).
Everyone sang happy birthday to Lord Krishna, children prayed for peace, and wished for happiness and heath for all children.