To give an overview of our analysis, in Figure 1 we start with three Lorenz curves
. A Lorenz curve
is a visual representation of inequality.
Section 2 describes the main methodological aspects, namely the Lorenz curves
, the Parade approach and the different inequality measures.
Pareto Lorenz curves
for panchagavya samples drawn at different stages showed that the curve values for all the samples were more than 80 per cent on Y axis at a 20 per cent intercept on X-axis.
The comparative visual and graphical display of empirical and parametric Lorenz curves
of all the considered distribution models for both of our data sets is provided.
Welfare economics uses Lorenz curves
to display skewed income distributions and Gini indices to summarize the skewness.
The Lame class of Lorenz curves
. Communications in Statistics.
Different approaches for refining the ranking of income distributions in cases where the Lorenz curves
intersect are described in several papers.
Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, Table S1901.) Income limits for each fifth of all households can then be used to derive Lorenz curves
and Gini ratios.
The spatial Lorenz curves
of different land use types are shown in Figure 4.
Figure 4 shows the empirical Lorenz curves
relating to the distributions of gross income and income tax in Ireland in 2010, the latest year for which finalised data are available from Revenue in its publicly available Statistical Reports (at the time the analysis was carried out in 2013).
The distribution of low-wage densities across employers is also illustrated by Lorenz curves
. Lorenz curves
show the cumulative frequency of firms ranked according to their low-wage density.