Lorenzo De'Medici


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Medici, Lorenzo De’

 

(Lorenzo the Magnificent). Born January 1449 in Florence; died there Apr. 8, 1492. Italian writer and political figure.

Lorenzo was the de facto ruler of Florence from 1469. Under his rule the republican form of government lost all significance. He maintained his authority through repression. At the same time, Lorenzo patronized humanists, poets writing in Italian, and artists; his policies helped transform Florence into the greatest center of Renaissance culture.

Lorenzo wrote a book of verse in which, following the example of Dante, he introduced a text in prose containing the story of his love (Commentaries to Some of My Own Sonnets). He was also the author of the lyrical narrative poem Forests of Love; mythological narrative poems in the manner of Renaissance idylls, for example, his Apollo and Pan; and works connected with folklore and popular festivals, including narrative poems containing descriptions of everyday life (The Feast, or The Drunkards, The Falcon Hunt), as well as Carnival Songs, Dance Songs, and The Triumph of Bacchus and Ariadne. Lorenzo wrote religious verses (lauds), the mystery play St. John and Paul, and the anticlerical short story “Giacoppo,” which provided the plot for Machiavelli’s Mandragola.

WORKS

Opere, 2nd ed., vols. 1-2. Edited by A. Simioni. Bari, 1939.

REFERENCES

Mokul’skii, S. S. Ital’ianskaia literatura: Vozrozhdenie i Prosveshchenie. Moscow, 1966.
Palmarocchi, R. Lorenzo il Magnifico. Turin, 1946.
Brion, M. Laurent le Magnifique. Paris, 1962. (Bibliography, pp. 35-39.)

R. I. KHLODOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Zenobius' ring is found in a letter that Guidantonio Vespucci wrote to Lorenzo de'Medici from Rome in April of 1482.
(95) The terms of the sentence support Passerini's statement that Lorenzo de'Medici was to supervise the execution of the new reliquary for St.
Zenobius and Lorenzo de'Medici's role in sending it to France not only brought the family to the attention of these two illustrious men, but also increased its fame both at home and abroad.
Kent, Nicolai Rubinstein, and Michael Mallett for sharing with me their insights into Lorenzo de'Medici's role in sending Sr.
(6.) An entry dated 19 February 1481 in Lorenzo de'Medici's protocolli shows that Louis XI sent an agent to Aquila in order to measure Sr.
(64.) In a show of support for Lorenzo de'Medici, Louis XI dispatched Commynes to Florence shortly after learning of the Pazzi Conspiracy.
(71.) On 5 May 1482, Louis XI wrote to Lorenzo de'Medici about Palamede's journey.
(84.) "Ma io ti voglia dire un'altra cosa ti pi[a]cera che il figl[i]o di Francesco Girolami si truova appresso alla persona del Re di Francia e vuogli gran bene perche lui gli a portato l'anello di Sancto Zanobi, il quale il Re mando a chiedere qui a Lorenzo de'Medici e dicemi Francesco Girolami che il Re lo vede cosi volentieri, e dalli buona provisione; per tanto ti conforto a scriverli e mantenerti l'amicizia sua." ASF, Conventi Soppressi, 78, 319, fol.
In his denial ("Disemi non haver mai detto tal cosa") that he had ever made the harsh judgment attributed to him of Piero di Lorenzo de'Medici, that he had remained in his father's place, but without the same grace ("che nel medesimo luogo del padre era restato, ma non nella medesima grazia"), Michelangelo is probably just betraying his usual nervousness about being caught in an anti-Medicean statement.(43) But it is possible that he did not at all times share unequivocally the prevailing damnatio of Piero's memory.