Lorenzo Medici

Medici, Lorenzo De’

 

(Lorenzo the Magnificent). Born January 1449 in Florence; died there Apr. 8, 1492. Italian writer and political figure.

Lorenzo was the de facto ruler of Florence from 1469. Under his rule the republican form of government lost all significance. He maintained his authority through repression. At the same time, Lorenzo patronized humanists, poets writing in Italian, and artists; his policies helped transform Florence into the greatest center of Renaissance culture.

Lorenzo wrote a book of verse in which, following the example of Dante, he introduced a text in prose containing the story of his love (Commentaries to Some of My Own Sonnets). He was also the author of the lyrical narrative poem Forests of Love; mythological narrative poems in the manner of Renaissance idylls, for example, his Apollo and Pan; and works connected with folklore and popular festivals, including narrative poems containing descriptions of everyday life (The Feast, or The Drunkards, The Falcon Hunt), as well as Carnival Songs, Dance Songs, and The Triumph of Bacchus and Ariadne. Lorenzo wrote religious verses (lauds), the mystery play St. John and Paul, and the anticlerical short story “Giacoppo,” which provided the plot for Machiavelli’s Mandragola.

WORKS

Opere, 2nd ed., vols. 1-2. Edited by A. Simioni. Bari, 1939.

REFERENCES

Mokul’skii, S. S. Ital’ianskaia literatura: Vozrozhdenie i Prosveshchenie. Moscow, 1966.
Palmarocchi, R. Lorenzo il Magnifico. Turin, 1946.
Brion, M. Laurent le Magnifique. Paris, 1962. (Bibliography, pp. 35-39.)

R. I. KHLODOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
The Epistle Dedicatory that opens The Prince is addressed from "Niccolo Machiavelli to the Magnificent Lorenzo Medici," who happens to be not the famed Lorenzo the Magnificent but a lesser descendant.
The writer-director has also concocted an elaborate latticework around his leading man, with Da Vinci seeking out the patronage of Lorenzo Medici (Elliot Cowan), while simultaneously setting his eye on Medici's mistress (Laura Haddock) and being drawn into a chase to locate something called The Book of Leaves, a mysterious conduit to great knowledge and power.
The series also stars Lara Pulver, 31 - whose nude dominatrix scene in TV's Sherlock shocked British audiences - as famed enchantress and political schemer Clarice Orsini, aristocratic wife of Lorenzo Medici.
Up-and-coming Inbetweeners the Movie star Laura Haddock plays Lucrezia Donati, the mistress of Florentine ruler Lorenzo Medici and lover of Leonardo Da Vinci.
It stars English actor Tom Riley, previously seen in Monroe and Bouquet of Barbed Wire, as Da Vinci and up-and-coming Inbetweeners star Laura Haddock as Lucrezia Donati, the mistress of Florentine ruler Lorenzo Medici and lover of Leonardo Da Vinci.
The Medicis already had a number of brilliant court painters, the flowering of the Renaissance, so Lorenzo Medici suggested Leonardo, aged 30, as a promising young painter to Ludovico.
Lorenzo Medici (1449-92) - grandson of Cosimo Medici (1389-1464), the first Medici to influence and control Florence through his wealth and patronage - was a patron of the arts.
He dedicated The Prince to Lorenzo Medici in an attempt to curry favor with the restored ruler.