Rudolf Hermann Lotze

(redirected from Lotze)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lotze, Rudolf Hermann


Born May 21, 1817, in Bautzen; died July 1, 1881, in Berlin. German philosopher, physician, and natural scientist.

Lotze was a professor of philosophy at the universities of Leipzig (from 1842), Göttingen (1844-81), and Berlin (1881). In his Medical Psychology (1852) and other specialized works on medicine and physiology, he defended certain tenets of mechanistic materialism, while criticizing vitalism. In his philosophical works, including Mikrokosmus (vols. 1-3, 1856-64; Russian translation, parts 1-3, 1866-67) and A System of Philosophy (1874-79), he developed ideas of objective idealism close to Leibnizian monadism. Lotze introduced the teleological concept of standards of meaning as a specific characteristic of the content of thought in cognition theory and logic; analogously, he introduced the concept of value in ethics.


Geschichte der Ästhetik in Deutschland. Munich, 1868.
Logik. Leipzig, 1912.
In Russian translation:
Osnovaniia prakticheskoi filosofii. St. Petersburg, 1882.
Osnovaniia psikhologii. St. Petersburg, 1884.


Mirtov, D. P. Uchenie Lome o dukhe chelovecheskom i dukhe absoliutnom. St. Petersburg, 1914.
Ambrosi, L. E. Lotze e la sua filosofia. Rome, 1912.
Wentscher, M. Lotze. Heidelberg, 1913.
Thomas, E. Lotze’s Theory of Reality. London, 1921.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
That included Michael Lotze, a professor of surgery and bioengineering with the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, who said, much to my wife Anita's relief, that he would meet me at the starting line and begin the marathon with me.
Oceans bear the brunt of global climate change, a fact which is best exemplified by the negative impact experienced by charismatic marine ecosystems such as coral reefs and mangrove forests (Lotze et al.
Eddy, T.D., Lotze, H.K., Fulton, E.A., Col, M., Ainsworth, C.H., Neves de Araujo, J., Bulman, C.M., Bundy, A., Christensen, V., Field, J.C., Gribble, N.A., Hasan, M., Mackinson, S.
Lotze, "The Brain of Opera Singers: Experience Dependent Changes in Functional Activation," Cerebral Cortex 20, no.
As a person who thinks that Heidegger is often morbidly wrong, and whose description of Dasein is incorrect in crucial details, and who thinks that when Heidegger is right, someone else said it better and earlier (Lotze and Royce, for starters), I nevertheless found this book to be a crucial contribution to the philosophical question of how, and to what degree, we are to reach the real through the ideal; as well as a masterful study of how to read a philosopher in dialogue with himself (reading intrasubjective dialogue in the consideration of a lifetime's work); and in dialogue with perennial philosophy.
One visit by raccoon consisted of three individuals, which likely represented an adult female and her near-adult offspring foraging together prior to the latter dispersing to their own home territories (Lotze & Anderson 1979).
Northern raccoons Procyon lotor (hereafter referred to as raccoons) are a common mammalian mesocarnivore in the United States (US) (Lotze and Anderson 1979).
These raccoons are young-of-the-year individuals and are usually present in larger numbers during the late summer to fall (July-October) when they are becoming independent of mothers (see Lotze & Anderson 1979; Gehrt 2003).