Rudolf Hermann Lotze

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Lotze, Rudolf Hermann


Born May 21, 1817, in Bautzen; died July 1, 1881, in Berlin. German philosopher, physician, and natural scientist.

Lotze was a professor of philosophy at the universities of Leipzig (from 1842), Göttingen (1844-81), and Berlin (1881). In his Medical Psychology (1852) and other specialized works on medicine and physiology, he defended certain tenets of mechanistic materialism, while criticizing vitalism. In his philosophical works, including Mikrokosmus (vols. 1-3, 1856-64; Russian translation, parts 1-3, 1866-67) and A System of Philosophy (1874-79), he developed ideas of objective idealism close to Leibnizian monadism. Lotze introduced the teleological concept of standards of meaning as a specific characteristic of the content of thought in cognition theory and logic; analogously, he introduced the concept of value in ethics.


Geschichte der Ästhetik in Deutschland. Munich, 1868.
Logik. Leipzig, 1912.
In Russian translation:
Osnovaniia prakticheskoi filosofii. St. Petersburg, 1882.
Osnovaniia psikhologii. St. Petersburg, 1884.


Mirtov, D. P. Uchenie Lome o dukhe chelovecheskom i dukhe absoliutnom. St. Petersburg, 1914.
Ambrosi, L. E. Lotze e la sua filosofia. Rome, 1912.
Wentscher, M. Lotze. Heidelberg, 1913.
Thomas, E. Lotze’s Theory of Reality. London, 1921.
References in periodicals archive ?
Atkins M, Lotze M, Dutcher J, Fisher R: High-dose recombinant interleukin-2 therapy for patients with metastatic melanoma: analysis of 270 patients treated between 1985 and 1993.
Philosophy IB was established in 2000 by founding partners Christine Lotze and Kaveh Naficy.
3500 BC), according to Guo, Liu, Bartlett, Tang, and Lotze (2013, p.
2003; Lotze and Meers, 2013) and the social factors that support and encourage cinema attendance (e.
We're passionate about education and giving back to the education community," said company vice president of marketing, Sherry Lotze.
Lion Biotechnologies Inc (NASDAQ: LBIO), a biotechnology company that is developing novel cancer immunotherapies based on tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes, announced yesterday that it has named Michael T Lotze, MD, as chief scientific officer and vice president of research and development, effective immediately.
2009, Andersen & Pedersen 2010, Scheffer 2010, Lotze et al.
En este contexto la irrupcion de Schopenhauer y su discipulo Frauenstadt reformularon el canon materialista en una nueva version vitalista que terminaria siendo tambien mas tolerante con las creencias religiosas, frente al sensualismo de Czolbe, basado a su vez en una radicalizacion de las tesis criticistas de Lotze.
The editor has organized the thirty-three contributions that make up the main body of the text in four parts devoted to the beginnings of the resurgence as shown in the writings of Hermann Von Helmholtz, Otto Liebmann, Friedrich Albert Lange, and Rudolf Hermann Lotze, the Marburg School, the Southwest School, and responses and critiques.
Alem disso, Bassi e Powers (1986) discutem que a sensibilidade visual para estimulos luminosos coloridos apresentam maiores picos durante o periodo da noite (Roenneberg, Lotze, & Steinbuchel, 1992).