Loubet, Émile François

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Loubet, Émile François

(āmēl` fräNswä` lo͞obā`), 1838–1929, president of the French republic (1899–1906). As a member of the chamber of deputies, he advocated secular education. After serving (1887–88) as minister of public works he became premier in 1892. His hesitance to investigate the Panama CanalPanama Canal,
waterway across the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic (by way of the Caribbean Sea) and Pacific oceans, built by the United States (1904–14, on territory leased from the republic of Panama) and expanded by Pamana (2007–16).
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 scandal forced his resignation, but he continued as minister of the interior until 1893 and became president of the senate in 1896. In 1899 he succeeded Félix Faure as president of the republic. Favoring revision in the Dreyfus AffairDreyfus Affair
, the controversy that occurred with the treason conviction (1894) of Capt. Alfred Dreyfus (1859–1935), a French artillery officer and graduate of the French military academy.
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, Loubet pardoned Alfred Dreyfus in 1899; in foreign affairs his reception of King Edward VII of Great Britain symbolized the growing rapprochement between the two countries. During his presidency premiers René Waldeck-RousseauWaldeck-Rousseau, René
, 1846–1904, French statesman. Belonging to the republican left, he was twice minister of the interior (1881, 1883–85), and in 1884 he was responsible for the passage of the Waldeck-Rousseau law, legalizing the creation of trade unions.
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 and Émile CombesCombes, Émile
, 1835–1921, French statesman. An able politician of the left democratic group, he was minister of education under Léon Bourgeois (1895–96) and, succeeding René Waldeck-Rousseau, was (1902–5) premier and minister of interior
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 secured the limiting of Church privilege, culminating (1905) in the separation of Church and state in France. Loubet retired in 1906 and was succeeded by Armand Fallières.

Loubet, Émile François

 

Born Dec. 31, 1838, in Marsanne; died Dec. 20, 1929, in Montélimar. French statesman. Lawyer by education.

From 1876 to 1885, Loubet was a member of the Chamber of Deputies as a moderate republican; he was a senator from 1885 to 1899 (president of the Senate from 1896). During 1887-88 he was minister of public works. He served as prime minister (1892) and minister of the interior (1892-93); he used the armed forces to suppress a strike of the workers of Carmo (1892). Late in 1892 he retired as premier as a result of the Panama scandal. He was president of the French Republic from 1899 to 1906. Conservative as his views were, he opposed reactionary nationalistic elements in the Dreyfus Case. In order to establish Russo-French and Anglo-French cooperation, he made trips to St. Petersburg (1902) and London (1903) that served as stages in the formation of the Entente. He played no political role after leaving the presidency.