Louis Althusser


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Althusser, Louis

 

Born Oct. 16, 1918, in Algiers. French Marxist philosopher and member of the French Communist Party. Professor at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris. Writer of essays on the history of philosophy, the theory of knowledge, and dialectical and historical materialism. (The collection, For Marx, 1965, which contains Althusser’s historical and philosophical writings; To Read “Capital,” 1965, written with J. Rancière and P. Macherey.)

Althusser treats the problems of the dialectic as logic, primarily on the basis of an analysis of the conceptual philosophic structure of Capital. He concentrates his attention on the theoretical and cognitive tasks that arise in studying the structure of integrated developing systems. He stresses the radical novelty of Marx’s method of thinking, distinguishing it sharply both from the Hegelian method (he rejects the formula “Hegel stood on his head” as the characteristic of the relationship between Marx and Hegel) and from the humanistic anthropological interpretation of Marxism. Althusser’s views are usually regarded as similar to the ideas of structuralism. Althusser and his co-workers are also elaborating a theory of knowledge (a so-called historical epistemology) and a theory of historicophilosophical method.

WORKS

Lire le Capital, vol. 1–2. Paris, 1965. (With J. Rancière and P. Macherey.)
Pour Marx, 2nd ed. Paris, 1966.

M. K. MAMARDASHVILI

References in periodicals archive ?
See Louis Althusser, Lenin and Philosophy and other Essays, Verso/NLB 1971.
A close reading of Klein's use of British imperial symbols and capitalist ephemera in the novel in concert with the foundational texts of existentialism, as well as the work of Louis Althusser, disrupts the mainstream school of thought regarding The Second Scroll.
En la seccion Resenas, "El desvio como norma" presenta un texto de Louis Althusser editado luego de su muerte y solo muy recientemente en castellano: Sobre la Reproduccion, destacando la productividad de este concepto para un pensamiento politico emancipatorio.
6) Louis Althusser, "Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses: Notes towards an Investigation," in Lenin and Philosophy and other essays (New York: Monthly Review Press, 2001), 122.
This particular preoccupation with historical specificity would lead Hall to begin to engage with Louis Althusser, and in this engagement, he would do two things.
The book is thus replete with references to Alexis De Tocqueville, Herbert Marcuse, Karl Popper, Louis Althusser, Isaiah Berlin, Eric Hobsbawm, Karl Marx and so on.
Both sought paths that kept faith with this history, while also marking a distance from the Marxism of Louis Althusser, which was central to their intellectual formation but after May came to be associated with the "revisionism" of the Communist Party.
In Criticism and Ideology (1978), which was one of Eagleton's first books, he expounds the scientific Marxism of the French philosopher Louis Althusser.
Quan Manh Ha's article offers an analysis of what Louis Althusser would have described as the product of the Publishing and Distribution Ideological State Apparatus and what E.
20) Louis Althusser (2002) "La corriente subterranea del materialismo del encuentro", en Para un materialismo aleatorio, Madrid: Arena Libros, p.
Por ejemplo, siguiendo de cerca a Louis Althusser, el gran referente del marxismo de esa generacion, Pereyra sostenia que la historia es un proceso sin sujeto.
beaucoup plus grand que], ecrivait le penseur marxiste Louis Althusser.