Louis Armstrong


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Armstrong, Louis

(Daniel Louis Armstrong), known as "Satchmo" and "Pops," 1901–1971, American jazz trumpet virtuoso, singer, and bandleader, b. New Orleans. He learned to play the cornet in the band of the Waif's Home in New Orleans, and after playing with Kid Ory's orchestra he made several trips (1918–21) with a Mississippi riverboat band. He joined (1922) King OliverOliver, King
(Joseph Oliver), 1885–1938, American jazz musician, b. Abend, La. Oliver began his professional career in 1904 with the Onward Brass Band. After playing with leading bands in New Orleans and establishing himself as a master cornetist, he moved to Chicago in
..... Click the link for more information.
's group in Chicago, where he met and married the pianist Lilian Hardin. His early playing was noted for improvisation, and his reputation as trumpeter and as vocalist was quickly established. A famous innovator, Armstrong was a major influence on the melodic development of jazz in the 1920s; because of him solo performance attained a position of great importance in jazz. He organized several large bands, worked with most of the masters of jazz (and with many of those in other musical forms), and beginning in 1932 made numerous foreign tours. Armstrong appeared in Broadway shows, at countless jazz festivals, and in several American and foreign films. His archives are housed at Queens College, which also maintains his Queens, N.Y., home as a museum.

Bibliography

See his memoir, Satchmo: My Life in New Orleans (1954, repr. 1986); his selected writings ed. by T. Brothers (1999); biographies by G. Giddens (1988), L. Bergreen (1997), and T. Teachout (2009); study by J. L. Collier (2 vol., 1983–86); J. Berrett, Louis Armstrong Companion (1999).

Armstrong, Louis (Daniel) “Satchmo” (“Pops”)

(1901–71) jazz musician; born in New Orleans. He was an innovative trumpeter and singer who was the leading star of jazz throughout his career. Raised by his mother in extreme poverty, at age 12 he served a term for delinquency at the Colored Waifs Home, where he learned to play the cornet. By 1919 he was playing with Kid Ory's band in New Orleans, and also with Fate Marable on Mississippi riverboats. In 1922, he joined his mentor, King Oliver's trailblazing Creole Jazz Band, in Chicago, and in 1924 he spent a year with Fletcher Henderson's pioneering big band in New York, where he also recorded with Bessie Smith and other leading blues singers. Between 1925 and 1929, he made his classic Hot Five and Hot Seven recordings, which shaped the course of jazz for the next two decades. In 1930, his recording of the pop song "Ain't Misbehavin'" became his first show business hit, and for the next 17 years he appeared as a star soloist with various big bands in an increasingly commercial context. In 1947, he formed his All Stars, a Dixieland-style sextet with which he maintained a constant international touring schedule until his death. He appeared in over 50 films as a musician and entertainer, including New Orleans (1947), Paris Blues (1961), and Hello, Dolly! (1969). His autobiography, Satchmo: My Life in New Orleans, was published in 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
Veteran radio producer Joe Bevilacqua hosts this entertaining,informative hour, recorded in the French Quarter of New Orleans and featuring jazz great Wynton Marsalis, jazz author and historian Donald Newlove, WNYC Radio talk show host Leonard Lopate, members of the Preservation Hall Jazz Band, and others, on the origins of jazz, and the life and music of legendary trumpeter Louis Armstrong.
Despite his incalculable contributions to American culture, there has never been a fully adequate narrative biography of Louis Armstrong.
This book provides a fascinating picture of two towering figures in the development of jazz: one, Paul Whiteman, is now largely overlooked in favor of Louis Armstrong, typically seen as the "King of Jazz.
Guitarist Earl King, pianist Professor Long-hair, Louis Armstrong, and Fats Domino are credited with defining the New Orleans sound.
Although Louis Armstrong is a familiar figure whose music is distinguished for both its innovation and broad appeal, most admirers are probably not aware that the trumpeter, singer, and bandleader was also "a delightfully eccentric pack rat" (p.
In another realm, jazz musician Louis Armstrong honed his skills for picking out patterns in music by singing on the streets of New Orleans and then teaching himself to play the trumpet.
The classroom will be named in honor of Louis Armstrong through a generous gift from the Louis Armstrong Educational Foundation.
But unlike Louis Armstrong, Nat King Cole, Duke Ellington, Scott Joplin and other black performers who have been honored by being depicted on postage stamps, Robeson's greatest performance was to hide his Communist affiliations from an unknowing public.
This had to be the first time in the history of mankind, Bach, and Louis Armstrong that anyone connected the tapping of a hockey stick with the lonely howl of a bugle.
ALI G IN DA USAiii: Nobody but our main man could go Stateside and talk about "The dreadful events of 7-11" or ask Buzz "Lightyear" Aldrin if he was annoyed Louis Armstrong got on the moon first.
He even plays Louis Armstrong singing "What a Wonderful World" over scenes of stacked corpses.
For those interested in taking this fascinating seminar in bite-sized pieces, Sony has also released 10 separate CDs of the Ken Burns Jazz Collection, each featuring artists from Louis Armstrong to Billie Holiday to Ella Fitzgerald to John Coltrane.