Louis Barthou


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Barthou, Louis

 

Born Aug. 25, 1862, in Oloron-Sainte-Marie; died Oct. 9, 1934. French state figure and lawyer.

Barthou was a parliamentary deputy from 1889. He belonged to right-wing bourgeois parties: at first the Progres-sivist Party and from 1902 the Democratic Alliance. From 1894 he held ministerial posts on a number of occasions. He was prime minister from March to December 1913 and implemented a law increasing the term of military service to three years. He favored the strengthening of the entente. He led the French delegation to the Genoa Conference of 1922. He was chairman of the Reparations Commission from 1922 to 1926 during which time he insisted on Germany’s fulfillment of the resolutions of the Versailles Treaty of 1919. He was minister of justice from 1922 to 1924 and from 1926 to 1929.

After the fascist dictatorship was established in Germany (1933) and the military threat increased, Barthou, in the interests of strengthening France’s security, became an active advocate of Franco-Soviet cooperation. As minister of foreign affairs (February-October 1934), he presented a plan for an “Eastern Pact.” He was one of the initiators of the invitation to the USSR to join the League of Nations. He visited the USSR in 1934. His activity contributed to the subsequent conclusion of the Soviet-French mutual aid treaty (1935). On Oct. 9, 1934, Barthou and the Yugoslav king Alexander I were killed in Marseille by a Croatian terrorist, an agent of the German and Italian secret services. Barthou was a member of the Académie Francaise (1918). He was the author of works on D. Diderot, A. Lamartine, H. Mirabeau, C. Baudelaire, V. Hugo, and others.

REFERENCES

Diurozel’,Zh. B. “Lui Bartu i franko-sovetskoe sblizhenie v 1934.” In the collection Frantsuzskii ezhegodnik, 1961. Moscow, 1962.
Aubert, O. L. Barthou. Paris, 1935.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
1934 King Aleksander I of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Jean Louis Barthou are assassinated in Marseilles, France.
In 1926, Romania - the first country to introduce the crime of terrorism into its criminal code - asked the League of Nations to "consider drafting a convention to render terrorism universally punishable." But it was not until 1934 that the assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou prompted the League of Nations to make the first attempt to create international judicial mechanisms to confront terrorism.
The Ustasa terrorist campaign started out with bombings, assassinations, and shooting attacks against pro-Yugoslav Croat intellectuals and Yugoslav police, and culminated in the assassination of the Yugoslav King Alexander and the French foreign minister Louis Barthou in 1934 during the kings visit to France.
A cameraman happened to be at exactly the right spot when King Alexander, in Marseilles at the beginning of a state visit to France, was being driven through the streets in a car with Louis Barthou, the French foreign minister.
The Ustashe was linked to the assassination of Yugoslav King Alexander and French foreign minister Louis Barthou in Marseilles in 1934.
The Clos Basque in Rue Louis Barthou has traditional dishes, while Le Surfing on the waterfront has great views.
Conservative Louis Barthou continued the Herriot-Paul-Boncour initiative when he became foreign minister in February 1934.
In 1934, Louis Barthou was president of the Societe des Amis de Montaigne.
(5) Velaine [right arrow] [Rimbaud?] [right arrow] Louis Forain [right arrow] Bertrand Millanvoye [right arrow] Louis Barthou [right arrow] Mendel Mircea [right arrow] Bibliotheque nationale de France (pour des details complementaires concernant la transmission du poeme [index] p.
The Clos Basque restaurant in Rue Louis Barthou serves traditional regional dishes, while Le Surfing on the waterfront has great views across the bay.