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Braille, Louis(brāl, Fr. lwē brī`yə), 1809?–1852, French inventor of the Braille system of printing and writing for the blind. Having become blind from an accident at the age of 3, he was admitted at 10 to the Institution nationale des Jeunes Aveugles in Paris. Later he taught there. In order to make his instruction easier, he chose Charles Barbier's system of writing with points, evolving a much simpler one from that system. He was interested in music as well and for a time played the organ in a church in Paris. The Braille system consists of six raised points or dots used in 63 possible combinations. It is in use, in modified form, for printing, writing, and musical notation for the blind. See also blindnessblindness,
partial or complete loss of sight. Blindness may be caused by injury, by lesions of the brain or optic nerve, by disease of the cornea or retina, by pathological changes originating in systemic disorders (e.g.
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Born Jan. 4, 1809, in Coupvray; died Jan. 6, 1852, in Paris. French teacher of reading by touch.
Braille went blind at age three. In 1829 he developed a raised-dot print for the blind that is still used throughout the world. The first book printed in Braille’s system was A History of France (1837). The printing of books in the Braille system began in Russia in 1885. In addition to his system for letters and numbers, Braille worked out a system of musical notation using the same principles. Braille was a talented musician and taught music to the blind.
REFERENCES“Stoletie so dnia rozhdeniia Lui Brailia.” Slepets, 1909, no. 2.
Krasnousov, P. D., and F. I. Shoev. Lui Brail’. Moscow, 1959.