Louis Hjelmslev


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Hjelmslev, Louis

 

Born Oct. 3, 1899, in Copenhagen; died there May 30, 1965. Danish linguist.

Hjelmslev, a graduate from the University of Copenhagen in 1923, taught there after 1937, heading the department of comparative linguistics. He was the founder and leader of a Copenhagen linguistic circle (1931) and the Copenhagen (Danish) school of structuralism, glossematics. His work Principles of General Grammar (1928) describes language categories on the basis of the logic of language as a semeiological system. In The Category of Cases (1935–37), Hjelmslev explains the theoretical basis for a general description of case systems. His Toward a Theory of Language (1943) is an ex-position of the principles of glossematics.

WORKS

“Prolegomeny k teorii iazyka.” InNovoe v lingvistike, issue 1. Moscow, 1960.
“Mozhno li schitat’, chto znacheniia slov obrazuiut strukturu.” In Novoe v lingvistike, issue 2. Moscow, 1962.
“lazyk i rech’.” In V. A. Zvegintsev, Istoriia iazykoznaniia XIX i XX vv. v ocherkakh i izvlecheniiakh, part 2. Moscow, 1965.
“Metod strukturnogo analiza v lingvistike.” Ibid.
“Poniatie upravleniia.” Ibid.
Sproget Copenhagen, 1963. In French translation: Le Langage. Paris, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
12) Louis Hjelmslev, Omkring sprogteoriens grundlseggelse, K0benhavn, 1943.
13) Andre Martinet, Au sujet des fondements de la theorie linguistique de Louis Hjelmslev, in >>Bulletin de la Societe de Linguistique de Paris<< t.
Tomamos aqui la nocion de uso en el sentido que le daba Louis Hjelmslev, linguista danes de la primera mitad del siglo XX, autor de una obra cientifica reconocida tardiamente, que inspiro a filosofos como Derrida, Deleuze o Ricoeur, psicoanalistas, entre los que destaca Lacan, y teoricos de la literatura como Barthes y Todorov, pero tambien a toda la escuela de semiotica.
La notion d'usage est ici comprise dans le sens qui lui a ete attribue par Louis Hjelmslev, linguiste danois de la premiere moitie du XXeme siecle.
Auch so mancher Name von Koryphaen der Sprachwissenschaft haben seinen Lebensweg gekreuzt: Ferdinand de Saussure, Otto Jespersen, Louis Hjelmslev, Einar Haugen.
The author is also very keen to promote his own aesthetic theory, mostly derived from Louis Hjelmslev and Jan Mukarovsky, and it weighs heavily on the analysis of Kitavan aesthetics.