Louis Kahn

(redirected from Louis I. Kahn)
Louis Kahn
BirthplaceKuressaare, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kahn, Louis


Born Feb. 20, 1901, on the island of Saaremaa, Estonia; died Mar. 17, 1974, in New York. American architect.

In 1915, Kahn became a citizen of the United States. In 1924 he graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. He was a professor at Yale University from 1948 to 1957. He became a professor at the University of Pennsylvania in 1957. Kahn’s works from his mature period include the Richards Laboratories at the University of Pennsylvania (1957–61), the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, Calif. (1959–66), the Indian Institute of Management in Ahmadabad, India (1963), and administrative and school buildings in Dacca, Bangladesh (under construction since 1963).

His buildings are characterized by a harsh monumentality that is accentuated by weighty forms and geometrical clarity. The three-dimensionality of the structures is emphasized by the color and rough texture of the building materials. Kahn’s style is similar to brutalism. The major and auxiliary spatial units are differentiated and exposed. Kahn ingeniously controlled the light and the movement of air (in countries with hot climates, he used additional walls and roofs).

Kahn was also a specialist in urban planning; he designed the general plan of Dacca in 1962. As a theorist, he considered architecture to be a harmonious space created by form and light.


Sovremennaia arkhitektura, 1969, NO. 2.
Arkhitektura zapada: Mastera i techeniia, book 1. [Moscow] 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1960, Salk partnered with architect Louis I. Kahn to make his dream a reality, opening the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, Calif.
This is the sixth volume featuring the work of the Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professorship and that of the advanced studios at the Yale School of Architecture.
Arts collections strong in architectural history will welcome this first-person survey of Louis I. Kahn, who built a new breed of modern architecture and taught about his designs at the University of Pennsylvania.
In a new book, The Houses of Louis Kahn (Yale University Press), two scholars from the University of Pennsylvania, George Marcus and William Whitaker, propose something quite different: that Kahn's residential work comprises what they deem "one of the most remarkable expressions of the American private house." Using extensive material from the Louis I. Kahn Collection at Penn--drawings, photographs, interviews, and writings, some of which have never been published until now--the authors present Kahn's ideas about the home, including his work on furnishings.
Louis I. Kahn; architect; remembering the man and those who surrounded him.
Louis I. Kahn (1901-1974) saw the architectural plan as "a society of rooms," in which each individual space is connected to the other in a dialogue of light and shadow, intimate and sensitive.
Louis I. Kahn's Jewish Architecture: Mikveh Israel and the Midcentury American Synagogue, by Susan G.
The park was designed by legendary architect Louis I. Kahn. It will be his last project and the only one that can still be built.
The biography of architect Louis I. Kahn, whose work is now ranked with Frank Lloyd Wright and other notables, represents the first in-depth survey of an architect whose works redefined 20th century architecture, and uses over a hundred interviews with colleagues, clients and family members to reveal Kahn's life, influences, and his sudden emergence as a notable architect.
Louis Kahn, Louis I. Kahn (1961), interview in Alessandra Latour (ed).