Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Louis III,c.863–882, French king, son of King Louis II. He became joint ruler with his brother CarlomanCarloman,
d. 884, king of the West Franks (France), son of King Louis II (Louis the Stammerer). He became joint ruler with his brother Louis III in 879. His reign was disturbed by revolts in Burgundy, by the loss (879) of Provence to Boso, count of Arles, and by an invasion of
..... Click the link for more information. on the death of Louis II (879), despite the attempts of Louis the YoungerLouis the Younger,
c.830–882, German king, ruler (876–82) over Saxony, Franconia, and Thuringia, son of Louis the German. He shared the succession to his father's lands with his brothers Carloman (d. 880) and Charles the Fat (later Emperor of the West Charles III).
..... Click the link for more information. to become French king. Louis III and Carloman fought against the secessionists of Burgundy and Provence and resisted an invasion of the Normans, whom Louis routed (881) at Saucourt. His death left Carloman sole ruler.
Louis III,1403–34, king of Naples (1417–34; rival claimant to Joanna IIJoanna II,
1371–1435, queen of Naples (1414–35), sister and successor of Lancelot. The intrigues of her favorites kept her court in turmoil. Her second husband, James of Bourbon, tried to seize power but was imprisoned in 1416.
..... Click the link for more information. ), duke of Anjou, count of Provence, son and successor of Louis II. He invaded Naples in 1420. Queen Joanna called in the aid of Alfonso VAlfonso V
(Alfonso the Magnanimous), 1396–1458, king of Aragón and Sicily (1416–58) and of Naples (1443–58), count of Barcelona. He was the son of Ferdinand I, whom he succeeded in Aragón and Sicily.
..... Click the link for more information. of Aragón and Sicily and adopted him as heir (1421), but Alfonso's domineering attitude caused her (1423) to adopt Louis instead. Louis had gained control of most of the kingdom when he died. Joanna made his brother RenéRené
, 1409–80, king of Naples (1435–80; rival claimant to Alfonso V of Aragón and Ferdinand I of Naples), duke of Anjou, Bar, and Lorraine, count of Provence. He was also called René of Anjou and Good King René.
..... Click the link for more information. heir.
Louis III,1845–1921, last king of Bavaria (1913–18). He succeeded (1912) his father, LuitpoldLuitpold
, 1821–1912, regent of Bavaria (1886–1912); third son of King Louis I of Bavaria. He ruled for his insane nephews Louis II and Otto I. His son succeeded him as regent and became king (1913) as Louis III.
..... Click the link for more information. , as regent for the insane Otto IOtto I,
1848–1916, king of Bavaria (1886–1913). Although incurably insane after 1872, he succeeded his brother King Louis II under the regency of his uncle Luitpold (1886–1912) and Luitpold's son Louis (1912–13).
..... Click the link for more information. but proclaimed himself king in 1913. He was overthrown in the Bavarian revolution of Nov., 1918.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/