Louis Joseph Papineau
Papineau, Louis Joseph
Born Oct. 7, 1786, in Montreal; died Sept. 23, 1871, in Montebello, Quebec. Canadian politician.
A lawyer by profession, Papineau was a deputy to the Legislative Assembly of the British colony of Lower Canada from 1808 to 1837 and a member of the Executive Council of Lower Canada from 1820 to 1823. After 1815 he was the leader of the French-Canadian patriotes, advocates of reforms and opponents of the British authorities. One of the leaders of the 1837–38 rebellion in Lower Canada, Papineau fled to the USA in November 1837. In 1839 he emigrated to France. He returned to Canada in 1845 and served as deputy to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada in the years 1848–51 and 1852–54. Papineau withdrew from politics in 1854.