Louis Riel


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Riel, Louis

(lwē rēĕl`), 1844–85, Canadian insurgent, leader of two rebellions, b. Manitoba, of French and Métis parentage. In 1869–70 he led the rebels of the Red River settlements, mainly Métis (people of mixed European–indigenous descent) and indigenous peoples, who felt that their rights were threatened by the transfer (1869) of the Hudson's Bay Company territory to Canada. When the government dispatched (1870) troops to face the rebels, the Red River Rebellion collapsed, and Riel fled the country. In that year, under the Manitoba Act, the Red River settlements were accorded a provincial government. Riel returned to Canada and was elected to the House of Commons, but was expelled (1874) and declared an outlaw (1875). In 1884 he returned to lead a group of indigenous people and Métis who were bent on securing titles to their lands in Saskatchewan. The uprising ended with an engagement (1885) at Batoche. He was captured, tried for treason, and hanged.

Riel, Louis

 

Born Oct. 23, 1844, in St. Boniface; died Nov. 16, 1885, in Regina. A figure in the Canadian national democratic movement.

In October 1869, Riel led an uprising in the Red River valley and became secretary of the National Committee of Métis, which directed the struggle of farmers against encroachments on their lands by the federal authorities. In December 1869 the rebelling farmers elected Riel president of the provisional government. In August 1870 a punitive expedition suppressed the rebellion. Riel emigrated to the USA.

The people of the province of Manitoba, which had come into being in 1870 as a result of the uprising, elected Riel to the Canadian parliament three times between 1873 and 1874, but he was not permitted to take his seat. In March 1885, Riel headed an uprising of métis settlers and Indians in the Saskatchewan River valley against the railroad companies and representatives of the federal authorities. In July 1885 the rebellion was suppressed, and Riel was hanged in accordance with a court sentence.

O. S. SOROKO

References in periodicals archive ?
The Accord advances the shared priorities between the Mtis Nation and the Government of Canada including the advancement of self-government, increased social development for their citizens, the acknowledgement and pursuit of Mtis rights, and recognition and the commemoration of Louis Riels role in the expansion of Western Canada.
lt;< Quelques contemporains de Louis Riel >> offre de courtes biographies des personnages historiques qui ont joue un role majeur dans la vie de Riel et des Metis.
En creant une filiation spirituelle entre Jesus, Louis Riel et James, Cenerini reprend trois schemes narratifs : il surimpose certains episodes de la vie du Christ a la vision et au martyr messianique de Riel et les greffe aux aventures de Coutu.
The False Traitor contains six chapters, each designed to summarize specific thematic literary portrayals of Louis Riel.
Under the leadership of Louis Riel, they have set up their own government and have issued a Proclamation: "To prove to the Indian Nations that the people of the Red River do not wish to let Canada mistreat them we have told the Canadian Government that we will consent to unite with it:
In a battle in Saskatchewan, in 1885 the federal troops captured Louis Riel.
14) The recent history of agitation led by the Canadian Metis hero Louis Riel, and the creation in 1870 of the Province of Manitoba as a Metis province, attested to the strength of Metis identity and organization.
With an occupancy rate that has grown from 69 per cent to more than 76 per cent during the past five years, Place Louis Riel has quietly become the leading hotel in downtown Winnipeg.
His plays with Canadian settings include Riel (1962) and The Trial of Louis Riel (1968), about the leader of a 19th-century rebellion in Manitoba.
One hundred and thirty-two years ago, Mtis leader Louis Riel was executed after defending the rights of the Mtis for leading the Northwest Resistance.
Aside from Harry Somers' recently remounted Louis Riel, Calixa Lavallee's 1883 operetta TIQ: Settled at Last.